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Genetic relations between the bivalves Cardium (Cerastoderma) edule, Cardium lamarcki and Cardium glaucum, studied by means of crossed immunoelectrophoresis
Brock, V. (1987). Genetic relations between the bivalves Cardium (Cerastoderma) edule, Cardium lamarcki and Cardium glaucum, studied by means of crossed immunoelectrophoresis. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 93(4): 493-498
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Allopatric populations; Comparative studies; Serological taxonomy; Mytilidae Rafinesque, 1815 [WoRMS]; MED, Black Sea [Marine Regions]; Marine

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  • Brock, V.

Abstract
    Rabbit antisera were raised against Cardium edule (L.) from the Waddensea locality, Skallingen, against Cardium lamarcki (Reeve) from the Danish locality, Dybsø Fjord, and against Cardium glaucum (Bruguière) from the French Mediterranean coast at Ile des Embiez. Allopatric and sympatric populations of C. lamarcki and C. edule from Swedish and Danish localities, and allopatric populations of C. glaucum from the Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea and Black Sea were studied by means of the described method and by starch gel electrophoresis of malate dehydrogenase (MDH). By means of crossed immuno-electrophoresis, using intermediary gels containing antibodies against one of the Cardium types and receiver gels containing antibodies against one of the others, type-specific and type-non-specific reactions were recorded. The results are compared with a similar investigation of Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis and M. californianus. Based on immunological properties, it is shown that C. edule is a valid species different from the C. lamarcki/C. glaucum complex. It is further suggested that C. lamarcki and C. glaucum should still be referred to by these two names as significant genetic differences between them is revealed by this immunological study.

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