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Marine biodiversity of eastern tropical Pacific coral reefs
Cortés, J.; Enochs, I.C.; Sibaja-Cordero, J.; Hernández, L.; Alvarado, J.J.; Breedy, O.; Cruz-Barraza, J.A.; Esquivel-Garrote, O.; Fernández-García, C.; Hermosillo, A.; Kaiser, K.L.; Medina-Rosas, P.; Morales-Ramírez, A.; Pacheco, C.; Pérez-Matus, A.; Reyes-Bonilla, H.; Riosmena-Rodriguez, R.; Sánchez-Noguera, C.; Wieters, E.A.; Zapata, F.A. (2016). Marine biodiversity of eastern tropical Pacific coral reefs, in: Glynn, P.W. et al. (Ed.) (2017). Coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Persistence and loss in a dynamic environment. Coral Reefs of the World, 8: pp. 203-250. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-94-017-7499-4_7
In: Glynn, P.W. et al. (Ed.) (2017). Coral reefs of the eastern tropical Pacific: Persistence and loss in a dynamic environment. Coral Reefs of the World, 8. Springer Science+Business Media: Dordrecht. ISBN 978-94-017-7498-7. xxv, 657 pp. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/978-94-017-7499-4, more
In: Coral Reefs of the World. Springer: Dordrecht. ISSN 2213-719X, more

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Keywords
    Algae; Fishes; Plankton
Author keywords
    Reef invertebrates; Latin America

Authors  Top 
  • Cortés, J.
  • Enochs, I.C.
  • Sibaja-Cordero, J.
  • Hernández, L.
  • Alvarado, J.J.
  • Breedy, O.
  • Cruz-Barraza, J.A.
  • Esquivel-Garrote, O.
  • Fernández-García, C.
  • Hermosillo, A.
  • Kaiser, K.L.
  • Medina-Rosas, P.
  • Morales-Ramírez, A.
  • Pacheco, C.
  • Pérez-Matus, A.
  • Reyes-Bonilla, H.
  • Riosmena-Rodriguez, R.
  • Sánchez-Noguera, C.
  • Wieters, E.A.
  • Zapata, F.A.

Abstract
    The eastern tropical Pacific (ETP) is an isolated oceanic region exposed to extreme oceanographic conditions, including low salinity, low pH, high temperatures during El Niño, and low temperatures during La Niña and seasonal upwelling. The coral reefs in this region have a relatively limited suite of species compared to other coral reef areas of the world, but much like more diverse reefs the species present interact in complex ways. Here we synthezise the knowledge of taxonomic groups of reef organisms from prokaryotes to vertebrates, including algae, sponges, cnidarians, annelids and other worms, molluscs, crustaceans, echinoderms and fishes. We also present summaries on the biodiversity of associated functional groups and habitats, including (a) reef zooplankton and cryptic fauna, and (b) soft benthic environments, rhodolith beds and mesophotic environments. Several factors that structure the biodiversity of ETP coral reefs are explored, including biological, physical and chemical controls. ETP coral reefs are relatively simple systems that can be used as models for studying biodiversity and interactions among species. We conclude this review by highlighting pressing research needs, from very basic inventories to more sophisticated studies of cryptic assemblages, and to investigations on the impacts of natural and anthropogenic effects on ETP coral reef biodiversity.

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