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Ancient evolutionary origin of vertebrate enteric neurons from trunk-derived neural crest
Green, S.A.; Uy, B.R.; Bronner, M.E. (2017). Ancient evolutionary origin of vertebrate enteric neurons from trunk-derived neural crest. Nature (Lond.) 544(7648): 88-91. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1038/nature21679
In: Nature: International Weekly Journal of Science. Nature Publishing Group: London. ISSN 0028-0836, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]

Authors  Top 
  • Green, S.A.
  • Uy, B.R.
  • Bronner, M.E.

Abstract
    The enteric nervous system of jawed vertebrates arises primarily from vagal neural crest cells that migrate to the foregut and subsequently colonize and innervate the entire gastrointestinal tract. Here we examine development of the enteric nervous system in the basal jawless vertebrate the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) to gain insight into its evolutionary origin. Surprisingly, we find no evidence for the existence of a vagally derived enteric neural crest population in the lamprey. Rather, labelling with the lipophilic dye DiI shows that late-migrating cells, originating from the trunk neural tube and associated with nerve fibres, differentiate into neurons within the gut wall and typhlosole. We propose that these trunk-derived neural crest cells may be homologous to Schwann cell precursors, recently shown in mammalian embryos to populate post-embryonic parasympathetic ganglia, including enteric ganglia. Our results suggest that neural-crest-derived Schwann cell precursors made an important contribution to the ancient enteric nervous system of early jawless vertebrates, a role that was largely subsumed by vagal neural crest cells in early gnathostomes.

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