Catalogue | Flanders Marine Institute

Flanders Marine Institute

Platform for marine research


This search interface gives access to the reference database of VLIZ, an extensive collection of (inter)national marine scientific literature references.

You can limit your search to the Belgian marine literature only or to the VLIZ Library catalogue only by checking the 'VLIZ Library' box.

New search
[ report an error in this record ]basket (0): add | show Print this page

Evolutionary and physiological adaptations of aquatic invasive animals: r selection versus resistance
McMahon, R.F. (2002). Evolutionary and physiological adaptations of aquatic invasive animals: r selection versus resistance. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59(7): 1235-1244.
In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences = Journal canadien des sciences halieutiques et aquatiques. National Research Council Canada: Ottawa. ISSN 0706-652X, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Author 

Author  Top 
  • McMahon, R.F.

    Invasive species have been characterized as tolerant of environmental extremes. This hypothesis was evaluated for invasive aquatic species in North America, particularly Asian clams, Corbicula fluminea, and zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha. Both species have rapid growth, early maturity, short life spans, and elevated fecundity, allowing rapid population recovery after reductions by rarefractive, environmental extremes. Extensive resistance capacities offer little adaptive value to invasive, r-selected species, because population reductions occur in their unstable habitats regardless of degree of stress tolerance. Thus, both species have relatively poor physiologic resistance, depending instead on elevated growth and fecundity for rapid population recovery. In contrast, native North American bivalve species are often adapted to stable habitats where perturbation is infrequent (i.e., freshwater unionoidean bivalves). They are characterized by slow growth, extended life spans, and low effective fecundities, slowing population recoveries (K-selected), and have evolved extensive resistance adaptations to avoid extirpation during environmental extremes. Review of resistance adaptations in other North American aquatic invaders revealed poorer or equivalent physiological tolerance relative to taxonomically related native species, suggesting that extensive physiological tolerance is not required for invasive success.

All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy Top | Author