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ANDEEP3: SeaStars (Echinodermata, Asteroidea)
Danis B, Wilmes J, Jangoux M, 2008. Sea stars from the ANDEEP 3 expedition. Contribution to the SCAR-Marine Biodiversity Information Network.
Availability: This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This dataset includes information on sea stars collected during the ANDEEP3 expedition, which took place in 2005. The expedition focused deep sea stations in the Powell basin and Weddell sea. more
This dataset includes information on sea stars collected during the ANDEEP3 expedition, which took place in 2005. The expedition focused on deep sea stations in the Powell basin and Weddell sea. Sea stars were collected using an Agassiz trawl (3m), lauched in 16 stations during the ANTXXII/3 (ANDEEP3) expedition of the Polarstern. Sampling depth ranged from 1047 to 4931m. Trawling distance ranged from 731 to 3841m. The asteroids of the ANDEEP3 expedition have been identified in detail, based on the observation of external morphological characters using a binocular microscope. A wide variety of morphological characters was taken into consideration for the identification of the asteroids. For instance, shape and size of the pedicellaria, the skeletal structure (réseau squelettique) and the ossicles that form the mesh (number of spines/ossicle), thickness and aspect of the body wall, the position of the papula, the number of podia rows and the shape of the podia, structure and armature of the marginal plates, number and form of the adambulacral spines as well as the spines of the dental plates, etc. By means of a preexisting identification key of Atlantic asteroids (A.M. Clark, 1994), the observation of the morphological characters permitted to identify the order, the family, the genus and sometimes the species to which the considered individual belonged to. For the time being, there are no existing identification keys for Antarctic asteroids. For this reason, we consulted in addition multiple works of previous Antarctic expeditions (A.M. Clark (1962, 1994), R. Köhler (1906, 1907, 1908, 1911, 1912, 1917, 1920, 1923), W.K. Fisher (1911,1940), Sladen (1889), Mortensen (1932), E. Perrier (1891a), H. Ludwig (1905), Th. Studer (1874), I. Bernasconi (1967, 1964, 1966, 1972), Madsen (1950)) which allowed us to improve the identifications in dubious cases, thanks of their numerous detailed illustrations and descriptions of Antarctic asteroids. Synonymy was resolved by consulting the Register of Antarctic Marine Species (RAMS), that is accessible via internet and that compiles the most recent information about Antarctic asteroid taxonomy (Danis & Jangoux, 2007), delivering us in this way the valid species names.
Biology > Invertebrates
Marine, Deep sea, Distribution, PS, Southern Ocean, Asteroidea
PS, Southern Ocean [Marine Regions]
Presence of biota
AntOBIS: Antarctic Ocean Biogeographic Information System, more
Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2008-03-06
Information last updated: 2008-03-06