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Eel pollution monitoring database

Availability: Restricted
The data are withheld from general circulation and disclosure but access may be obtained on a case-by-case basis through negotiation

Description
Eel pollution data from Flanders more

The Institute for Nature and Forest has build out a routine monitoring program that started in 1994 and aimed at following the tissue concentration of hazardous chemicals in eel in Flanders, Belgium. Data are available for contamination of eel by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and heavy metals. PCBs and OCPs are persistent organic pollutants that are regulated under international agreements in order to reduce or eliminate their use and release into the environment. Heavy metals of concern include, amongst others, cadmium, lead and mercury because of their toxicity and their potential to bioaccumulate. Beside the routine monitoring, thematically, also other contaminants are measured in eel tissue (dioxin, furanss and dioxin-like PCBS, brominated flame retardants, volatile organic components, perfluoroctane sulfonate, dyes, …)

Scope
Keywords:
Fresh water, Anguilla anguilla, Contaminants, Eels (anguilla anguilla), Heavy metals, PCB, Pesticide, Pollution, ANE, Scheldt Estuary, Belgium, Vlaanderen, Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758), Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758), Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758), Clarias anguillaris (Linnaeus, 1758), Clariidae Bonaparte, 1845, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758, Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758), Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758, Gymnocephalus cernuus (Linnaeus, 1758), Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758), Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), Perca (Stizostedion) lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758), Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758, Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846), Rutilus aula (Bonaparte, 1841), Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758), Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758), Stizostedion lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758), Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758)

Geographical coverage
ANE, Scheldt Estuary [Marine Regions]
Belgium, Vlaanderen [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1 March 1994 - 12 October 2010

Taxonomic coverage
Abramis brama (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Clarias anguillaris (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Clariidae Bonaparte, 1845 [WoRMS]
Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Gymnocephalus cernuus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Leuciscus idus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) [WoRMS]
Perca (Stizostedion) lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Pseudorasbora parva (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846) [WoRMS]
Rutilus aula (Bonaparte, 1841) [WoRMS]
Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Stizostedion lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]

Parameters
Contaminant concentration: pcb's, heavy metals & pesticides, Fat content, Length, Weight

Contributors
Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Leefmilieu, Natuur en Energie; Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek; Afdeling Biodiversiteit en Natuurlijk Milieu; Onderzoeksgroep Genetische Diversiteit, moredata managerdata creator
Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Leefmilieu, Natuur en Energie; Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek; Afdeling Biodiversiteit en Natuurlijk Milieu; Onderzoeksgroep Soortendiversiteit, moresample analyserpartner
Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Omgeving; Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek (INBO), moredata owner

Related datasets
Parent dataset:
Monitoring network freshwater fish Flanders, more
Child dataset:
Monitoring network freshwater fish Flanders; Eel pollutant monitoring network, more
Other relations:
Eel pollution data from Lake Weerde (Zemst), more
Eel pollution data from Lake Weerde (Zemst), more

Publication
Based on this dataset
Ide, C. et al. (2007). A non-invasive analysis of head shape dimorphism in a European Eel population (Anguilla anguilla). J. Morphol. (1931) 268(12): 1088, more
Ide, C. et al. (2011). Bimodality in head shape in European eel J. Zool. (1987) 285(3): 230-238. hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2011.00834.x, more
Denayer, B.; Belpaire, C. (1996). Bottle-necks for restoration of the eel population, Anguilla anguilla (L.) of the river Yser basin (Flanders). Arch. Ryb. Pol. 4(2a): 175-186, more
Roosens, L. et al. (2008). Brominated flame retardants and polychlorinated biphenyls in fish from the river Scheldt, Belgium. Environ. Int. 34(7): 976-983. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.envint.2008.02.009, more
Belpaire, C.G.J. et al. (2008). Decreasing eel stocks: survival of the fattest?, in: Belpaire, C. Pollution in eel: a cause of their decline? = Verontreiniging in paling: een oorzaak van zijn achteruitgang?. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, M.2008.2: pp. 115-143, more
Belpaire, C.G.J. et al. (2009). Decreasing eel stocks: survival of the fattest? Ecol. Freshw. Fish. 18(2): 197-214. https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0633.2008.00337.x, more
Belpaire, C.; Goemans, G. (2006). Eels: contaminant cocktails pinpointing environmental contamination, in: (2006). ICES 2006 Annual Science Conference 19-23 September; Business meetings 17-26 September, 2006, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Handbook; Contributions, agendas and orders of the day: abstracts. pp. 185-186, more
Belpaire, C.; Goemans, G. (2008). Eels: contaminant cocktails pinpointing environmental contamination, in: Belpaire, C. (2008). Verontreiniging in paling: een oorzaak van zijn achteruitgang? = Pollution in eel: a cause of their decline?. INBO, M.2008.2: pp. 229-253, more
Belpaire, C.; Goemans, G. (2007). Eels: contaminant cocktails pinpointing environmental contamination ICES J. Mar. Sci./J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 64(7): 1423-1436. dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsm121, more
Schabuss, M. et al. (1997). Endoparasitic helminths of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla, from four disconnected meanders from the rivers Leie and Scheldt in western Flanders, Belgium. Folia Parasitol. 44(1): 12-18, more
Belpaire, C. et al. (2009). Gaat de paling naar de haaien?, in: (2009). De Grote Rede 24. De Grote Rede: Nieuws over onze Kust en Zee, 24: pp. 2-7, more
de Boer, J. et al. (2009). Geslachtsverandering door verontreiniging? Minder vette paling, oorzaak en gevolg. Visserijnieuws 2009(27 januari): 2 pp, more
Goemans, G. et al. (2003). Het Vlaamse palingpolluentenmeetnet, 1994-2001: gehalten aan polychloorbifenylen, organochloorpesticiden en zware metalen in paling. Instituut voor Bosbouw en Wildbeheer: Geraardsbergen. 59 + bijlagen pp., more
Belpaire, C. et al. (2008). Intra lake spatial variations in pollution patterns of eel, in: Belpaire, C. (2008). Verontreiniging in paling: een oorzaak van zijn achteruitgang? = Pollution in eel: a cause of their decline?. INBO, M.2008.2: pp. 191-199, more
Geeraerts, C.; Focant, J-F; Eppe, G.; De Pauw, E.; Goemans, G.; Belpaire, C. (2008). Levels of PCDD/FS and DL-PCBS in yellow eel from eight Belgian water bodies. Organohalogen Compounds 70: 1157-1160, more
Claeys, S.; Steurbaut, W.; Vergucht, S.; Theuns, L.; De Cooman, W.; Belpaire, C.; De Wulf, E.; Wustenberghs, H.; Eppinger, R.; Van Damme, M.; Voorspoels, S.; Covaci, A.; De Have, H.; De Coen, W.; Peeters, B.; Overloop, S. (2006). MIRA Achtergronddocument 2005: Verspreiding van bestrijdingsmiddelen. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 108 pp., more
De Raeymaecker, B.; Provoost, J.; Den Hond, E.; Geuzens, P.; Desmedt, M.; Roekens, E.; Theuns, I.; De Cooman, W.; Detemmerman, L.; Eppinger, R.; Van Damme, M.; De Temmerman, L.; Goemans, G.; Belpaire, C.; Vandecasteele, B.; De Vos, B.; Ceenaeme, J.; Dedecker, D.; De Naeyer, F.; Dries, V.; Gommeren, E.; Van Dijck, W.; Van Dyck, E.; D'Have, H.; Peeters, B. (2005). MIRA Achtergronddocument 2005: Verspreiding van zware metalen. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 86 pp., more
Peeters, B. et al. (2010). MIRA Milieurapport Vlaanderen, Achtergronddocument 2010, Verspreiding van zware metalen. Vlaamse Milieu Maatschappij: Mechelen. 94 pp., more
Bilau, M. et al. (2005). PCB exposure through eel consumption in sport fishers as compared to the general population: a probabilistic approach. Organohalogen Compounds 67: 1737-1740, more
Belpaire, C. et al. (2008). Pollution fingerprints in eels as models for the chemical status of rivers, in: Belpaire, C. (2008). Verontreiniging in paling: een oorzaak van zijn achteruitgang? = Pollution in eel: a cause of their decline?. INBO, M.2008.2: pp. 201-218, more
Belpaire, C. et al. (2008). Pollution fingerprints in eels as models for the chemical status of rivers ICES J. Mar. Sci./J. Cons. int. Explor. Mer 65(8): 1483-1491. dx.doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsn112, more
Belpaire, C.; Goemans, G.; Geeraerts, C.; Quataert, P.; Parmentier, K. (2007). Pollution fingerprints in eels as models for the chemical status of rivers, in: Belpaire, C. (2008). Zendingsverslag : ICES Symposium : Environmental indicators. Zendingsverslagen van het instituut voor natuur- en bosonderzoek, 2008(10): pp. 10-27, more
Bilau, M. et al. (2008). Polychlorinated biphenyl exposure through eel consumption in recreational fishermen, in: Belpaire, C. (2008). Verontreiniging in paling: een oorzaak van zijn achteruitgang? = Pollution in eel: a cause of their decline?. INBO, M.2008.2: pp. 301-315, more
Bilau, M. et al. (2007). Probabilistic approach to polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure through eel consumption in recreational fishermen vs. the general population. Food Addit. Contam. 24(12): 1-8. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02652030701459848, more
Belpaire, C. (2006). Report on the eel stock and fishery in Belgium 2005, in: Report of the 2006 session of the Joint EIFAC/ICES Working Group on Eels. Rome, 23–27 January 2006. Eifac occassional paper, 38(ICES CM 2006/ACFM:16): pp. 217-241, more
Geeraerts, C. et al. (2011). Reproduction of European eel jeopardised by high levels of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs? Sci. Total Environ. 409(19): 4039-4047. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.05.046, more
Roosens, L. et al. (2010). Spatial variations in the levels and isomeric patterns of PBDEs and HBCDs in the European eel in Flanders. Environ. Int. 36(5): 415-423. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.03.001, more
Maes, G.E. et al. (2005). The catadromous European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.) as a model for freshwater evolutionary ecotoxicology: relationship between heavy metal bioaccumulation, condition and genetic variability, in: Maes, G.E. Evolutionary consequences of a catadromous life-strategy on the genetic structure of European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.). pp. 139-160, more
Maes, G.E. et al. (2005). The catadromous European eel Anguilla anguilla (L.) as a model for freshwater evolutionary ecotoxicology: relationship between heavy metal bioaccumulation, condition and genetic variability. Aquat. Toxicol. 73(1): 99-114. DX.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2005.01.010, more
Belpaire, C.; Geeraerts, C. (2010). The eel in a polluted world: survival of the fattest, in: Barr, D. (Ed.) (2009). Confluence of Ideas: Evolving to meet the challenges of global change. Proceedings of the 35th IAMSLIC Annual Conference and 13th Biennial EURASLIC Conference, held 27 September - 1 October 2009. IAMSLIC Conference Series, 35: pp. 7-15, more
Geeraerts, C.; Belpaire, C. (2010). The effects of contaminants in European eel: a review. Ecotoxicology 19(2): 239-266. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10646-009-0424-0, more
Belpaire, C.; Goemans, G. (2007). The European eel Anguilla anguilla, a rapporteur of the chemical status for the Water Framework Directive? Vie Milieu (1980) 57(4): 235-252, more
Belpaire, C. et al. (2009). The survival of the fattest - Dalend vetgehalte luidt einde van de paling in. Eos (januari): 97-99, more
Belpaire, C. et al. (2011). What can we learn from monitoring PCBs in the European eel? A Belgian experience. Environ. Int. 37(2): 354-364. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.10.006, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Monitoring: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2012-01-10
Information last updated: 2012-01-18
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy