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BioMar: BioMar - Ireland: benthic marine species survey
Citation
Picton, B.E., C.S. Emblow, C.C. Morrow, E.M. Sides, P. Tierney, D. McGrath, G. McGeough, M. McCrea,P. Dinneen, J. Falvey, S. Dempsey, J. Dowse, and M. J. Costello, 1999: Marine sites, habitats and species data collected during the BioMar survey of Ireland. Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland
Contact: Emblow, Chris

Archived data

Archived file:
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Description
Through marine habitat and biotope surveys, the Biomar project (1992-1996) aimed at an improved management for coastal ecosystems in Britain and Northern Ireland. more

The BioMar project was and remains the largest marine ecological seabed survey of the Republic of Ireland. Standard field survey and data management methods developed by the UK Marine Nature Conservation Review (now part of Joint Nature Conservation Committee) were used. This database was published as a compact disc containing data collected during a national survey that provided the basis for (a) a classification of marine biotopes applicable to the North East Atlantic, and (b) the selection of marine Special Areas of Conservation (Marine Protected Areas). By field surveys in inshore waters (usually < 5 km from shore and < 50 m deep), information was collected on littoral and sublittoral biotopes (i.e. habitat and community together) from Britain and Ireland. BioMar surveyed 1000 sites (half seashore) in Britain and 900 (200 seashore) sites in the Republic of Ireland. Of the about 6,000 species known to occur in British and Irish seas, about 3000 have been recorded in Britain and 1500 in Ireland by BioMar. Field surveys were completed in September 1996. This field information was used to (a) develop and demonstrate methods for data collection, (b) develop a classification of marine biotopes which will be applicable to inshore areas of the North-East Atlantic (but not the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas), and (c) identify areas of marine conservation importance. A concurrent survey of coastal lands of conservation importance in Ireland was conducted, and were used in conjunction with marine results in designating boundaries of nature conservation areas of both national and European importance. The marine biotope classification developed by the project formed the basis for describing, mapping and comparing the conservation value of inshore marine areas. To ensure the classification will have wide application in the North-East Atlantic, meetings and workshops were held in Monkswood, Cambridge and Dublin with European specialists (including CORINE, ZNIEFF-Mer) in marine ecology and management in which the background, design, and preliminary results of the developing classification were discussed, and where necessary modified. Because of the need to get area coverage of biotopes and the difficulties in personnel surveying every part of the coast, the use of remote survey methods for both littoral (using aerial photography) and sublittoral (using acoustic and video techniques) areas were examined. These remote survey techniques allowed point source data to be linked to larger coastal areas. Over 34 surveys were conducted in a range of sea areas in Britain and Ireland, used different research vessels and equipment, and involved collaboration with different groups (BioMar partners and various government authorities). The comparability of the maps produced from the surveys demonstrated the wide application of the methods. A database was established for data storage and analysis, and can now be linked with computer mapping systems (Geographical Information Systems). The database currently stores environmental information on from over 22,000 sampling stations at over 10,000 sites on over 500 surveys around Britain and Ireland. A systematic survey of marine ecological literature relevant to British and Irish waters was conducted by JNCC and TCD respectively. Due to the large size and complexity of the database, the production of more accessible electronic publications (on diskettes, CD-ROM, and World Wide Web) was demonstrated In addition to its use in dissemination of data, the use of GIS in predicting the occurrence of marine habitats from widely available coastal data (e.g. coastline, bathymetry, wind direction and force) was explored (Crean et al. 1995). A wave exposure index was automated within the GIS so that the exposure for any piece of shoreline can be predicted. Additionally, a digital coastline of Ireland was labeled with the seashore types on the Admiralty charts so it was possible to calculate the amount of rock, sand, mud and other habitats from any given stretch of coast. As a background to marine conservation management in Europe, a desk study of marine protected areas was been completed. Reports on this study, and internal reports on field surveys, have been submitted to the European Commission. There was considerable effort in disseminating information about BioMar. The partners made over 50 presentations at over 10 international and 14 national meetings, and produced over 40 publications (including 2 books).

Scope
Themes:
Biology, Biology > Benthos, Biology > Macroalgae
Keywords:
Benthic fauna, Benthic flora, Ireland

Geographical coverage
Ireland [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1993 - 1996

Parameters
Abundance Methodology
Abundance: scuba diving
Abundance: Direct observation on seashores

Contributors
Aquafact International Services, moredata creator Ecological Consultancy Services Ltd (EcoServe), moredata creator National Museums of Northern Ireland; Ulster Museum, moredata creator Queen's University Belfast, moredata creator The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (Ireland); National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS), moredata creator The University of Dublin, Trinity College; Environmental Sciences Unit, moredata creatordata owner

Related datasets
(Partly) included in:
Macroben: Macroben database (Marbef Theme 1 workshop), more

Project
BioMar, more

Publication
Based on this dataset:
Crean, E.; Gillmor, J.; Duffy, L.; Costello, M.J.; Mills, P. (1995). A computerised model for predicting the exposure of coastal areas to wave action, in: Proceedings Coast GIS '95, International Symposium on GIS and computer mapping for coastal zone management. pp. 209-227, more
Costello, M.J. et al. (1999). A review of the distribution of marine Talitridae (Amphipoda) in Ireland, including the results of a new survey of sandy beaches, in: Schram, F.R. et al. (Ed.) (1999). Crustaceans and the Biodiversity Crisis: Proceedings of the Fourth International Crustacean Congress, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, July 20-24, 1998, vol. I. pp. 473-487, more
(1997). BioMar Biotope Viewer. Ver. 2.0. Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College: Dublin. ISBN 0-9526-735-4-1. 1 cd-rom pp., more
Costello, M.J. (1993). Development of the BioMar database, and its contribution to nature conservation management in the Irish Sea, in: Marine and Coastal databases. Irish Sea Forum Seminar Reports, 3: pp. 72-79, more
Costello, M.J.; Picton, B.E.; Emblow, C.; Guiry, M.; Connor, D. (1998). Electronic dissemination of marine biodiversity information collated in databases, in: Bohle-Carbonell, M. (Ed.) Marine Science and Technology Programme experiences in project data management. pp. 73-84, more
Costello, M.J. (1998). Experience of the BioMar-LIFE project in the electronic dissemination of marine information, in: Cahill, B. (Ed.) (1997). Ocean Data Symposium 15-18 October 1997 [CD-ROM], Dublin Castle, Ireland. , more
Sides, E.M.; Picton, B.E.; Costello, M.J.; Crean, E.; Emblow, C.S.; Gillmor, J.; Kelly, K.S.; Morrow, C.C. (1995). Identification and mapping of marine biotopes, in: Carroll, M. et al. (Ed.) Coastal zone management: from needs to action. pp. 198-203, more
Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.S.; Picton, B.E. (1996). Long term trends in the discovery of marine species new to science which occur in Britain and Ireland. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 76(1): 255-257, more
Connor, D.W.; Brazier, D.P.; Dalkin, M.J.; Hill, T.O.; Holt, R.H.F.; Northen, K.O.; Sanderson, W.G. (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review: marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland, Version 97.06, in: Picton, B.E. et al. (Ed.) The BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora in Britain and Ireland. , more
Costello, M.J. (1995). The BioMar (Life) project: developing a system for the collection, storage and dissemination of marine data for coastal management, in: Hiscock, K. (Ed.) Classification of benthic marine biotopes of the north-east Atlantic: Proceedings of a BioMar-Life workshop held in Cambridge, 16-18 November 1994. pp. 9-17, more
Costello, M.J.; Mills, P. (1996). The BIOMAR project: describing, classifying and mapping of marine biotopes in Ireland, in: Salman, A.H.P.M. et al. (Ed.) Coastal Management and Habitat Conservation: Proceedings of the 4th EUCC Congress, Marathon, Greece: Volume 2. pp. 297-310, more
McGrath, D.; Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.S. (2000). The hermit crab Diogenes pugilator (Roux, 1829) in Irish waters. Biol. Environ. (Dublin) 100(2): 115-118, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research
Release date: 2005-01-04
Metadatarecord created: 2004-07-15
Information last updated: 2013-12-04
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