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DECAF - PMFR Minke Whales - Multiple Sensor - Boing Localizations
Martin, S. 2011. DECAF - PMFR Minke Whales - Multiple Sensor - Boing Localizations. Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP ( on yyyy-mm-dd.

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Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This dataset used multiple hydrophones at PMRF, Kauai, Hawaii, to localize minke whale boing vocalizations manually. This was a precursor to development of automated detection algorithms and automated association processes. This data set provided a quasi ground truth for development and performance assessment of the minke boing detector developed in the DECAF project. The ultimate purpose of the project was to estimate the density of the boing vocalizations in order to gain more understanding of the minke whale presence in Hawaiian waters. In order to estimate density of whales, the average boing rate of a minke whale is required. more

Early efforts dealing with acoustic data from PMRF involved both manual detection (data set 666 and manual localization (this data set) of boing sounds. These manual detections and localizations provided information necessary in order to assess performance of the automated boing detector and to help understand how to better automatically both detect, associate and localize boing sound source locations. Manual validation of automatic processes is much more efficient (in time and dollars) than the total manual effort such as performed in data sets 666 and 675. Twenty four boing vocalizations were localized in all - individual animals may make multiple calls. Of these, it is suspected that multiple boings were detected and localized from the same individuals at different times. This analysis was conducted by James Yosco (Science Applications International Corporation). Localization accuracy for points shown within 15km of sensors is on the order of tens, to hundreds, of meters while the two localizations shown to the extreme north have errors which can be over tens of km. Times are in GMT. Hydrophone locations are only approximate. The detailed results of the analysis are available at the DECAF web site shown in the supplemental information section. This dataset is part of a larger project examining Balaenoptera acutorostrata (minke whale) vocalizations at the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF). Related datasets include:

  1. Results from a prior manual detection ( and manual localization ( of 24 boing sources;
  2. Results of automated boing detections for 14 hydrophones over 12 days in early 2006 (;
  3. Results for boing associations over an exploratory 1 hr of data (ten min each from three separate days in Mar 2006 and two separate days in Apr 2007) and for 2 hrs of sample data from 12 days of data in Feb, Mar, Apr of 2006 (
Original data can be downloaded at under Case Study 1b: Minke whale data. Observed call types labeled cries and chirps in the downloaded data represent boings. Dataset credit = Density Estimation of Cetaceans from passive Acoustic Fixed sensors (DECAF) (

Biology > Mammals
Marine, A, North Atlantic, Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804

Geographical coverage
A, North Atlantic [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
25 February 2006 - 13 March 2006

Taxonomic coverage
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 [WoRMS]

SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific, moredata creator

Related datasets
Published in:
OBIS-SEAMAP: Spatial Ecological Analysis of Megavertebrate Populations, more
Other relations:
DECAF - PMFR Minke Whales - Multiple Sensor - Boing Associations, more
DECAF - PMFR Minke Whales - Multiple Sensor - Automated Boing Detections, more
DECAF - PMFR Minke Whales - Multiple Sensor - Manual Boing Detections, more

Based on this dataset:
Martin, S.W. et al. (2013). Estimating minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) boing sound density using passive acoustic sensors. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 29(1): 142-158., more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2012-11-23
Information last updated: 2016-06-30
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