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Sperm whales off Peru during IMARPE surveys (1995-2002)
García-Godos, I. 2006. A note on the occurrence of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephallus) off Peru, 1995-2002. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 8(1):113-119

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Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Sightings data to show the general pattern of distribution of sperm whales off Peru, a previously important whaling ground. more

Thirty-eight sightings of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) were recorded off Peru (3 degrees S - 18 degrees S) during 21 surveys conducted aboard platforms of opportunity between 1995 and 2002, with a search effort of 33,406.6 nautical miles of observation. Two main areas of concentration were detected: northern Peru (19 sightings) and southern Peru (16 sightings), but seasonality could not be confirmed. Almost 58% of sightings occurred during the same or consecutive days. Group size ranged from 1 to 18 individuals, with a mean of 3.5 individuals (SD = 3.9). The modal group size was one, with single whales accounting for 36.8% of sightings. Groups of three or more individuals accounted for 39.5%. An important increase of sightings occurred between 2001 and 2002, accounting 68% of the records, suggesting migratory movements towards Peruvian waters from other regions of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Positive correlations between indices of relative abundance and the anomaly of sea surface temperature were found, although warm events as El Niño appear to increase the uncertainty in sighting rates, reducing correlation values. Positive relationship between indices of relative abundance and fishery's CPUE of Dosidicus gigas suggest some grade of interaction, although the question about the role of D. gigas in the diet of sperm whales in the area must be solved for further conclusions. It is priority to perform specific surveys for population estimation, as well as non-lethal research about feeding and the effect of the fishery competition over sperm whales.

Biology > Mammals
Marine, I, Pacific, Cetacea

Geographical coverage
I, Pacific [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
19 December 1995 - 9 November 2002

Taxonomic coverage
Cetacea [WoRMS]

Instituto del Mar del Peru (IMARPE), moredata owner

Related datasets
Published in:
OBIS-SEAMAP: Spatial Ecological Analysis of Megavertebrate Populations, more

Based on this dataset
García-Godos, I. (2006). A note on the occurrence of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) off Peru, 1995-2002. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 8(1): 113–119, more

Dataset information:

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Monitoring: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2012-11-28
Information last updated: 2013-01-23
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