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Antarctic, Sub-Antarctic and cold temperate echinoid database
Citation
The data underpinning analyses of the paper are deposited at GBIF, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource.do?r=antarctic_subantarctic_and_cold_temperate_echinoid_database

Access data
Archived data
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Description
This database includes spatial data of Antarctic, Sub-Antarctic and cold temperate echinoid distribution (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) collected during many oceanographic campaigns led in the Southern Hemisphere from 1872 to 2010. The dataset lists occurrence data of echinoid distribution south of 35°S latitude, together with information on taxonomy (from species to genus level), sampling sources (cruise ID, sampling dates, ship names) and sampling sites (geographic coordinates and depth). Echinoid occurrence data were compiled from the Antarctic Echinoid Database (David et al., 2005a), which integrates records from oceanographic cruises led in the Southern Ocean until 2003. This database has been upgraded to take into account data from oceanographic cruises led after 2003. The dataset now reaches a total of 6160 occurrence data that have been checked for systematics reliability and consistency. It constitutes today the most complete database on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic echinoids. more

This database is devoted to all echinoid species inhabiting ocean areas south of 35S latitude (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Echinoids are well represented in the Antarctic benthic communities in terms of frequency, abundance and species richness. They are frequently collected both at shallow depths over the continental shelf and in deeper waters of the continental slope and ocean basins. With 82 species ever described that represent about 10% of echinoid species worldwide, the Southern Ocean is particularly rich in echinoid species. The Antarctic echinoid fauna is characterised by a relative high morphological diversity and high rate of endemism (66% of species - David et al. 2005b). It should be noticed that Antarctic echinoid diversity is represented by a few orders (7) among which the two orders Spatangoida and Cidaroida include 64.6% of Antarctic species. As a comparison, South Australian and New Zealand areas comprise 113 echinoid species, 62 genera and 12 orders, while southern South America only 36 species, 23 genera and 8 orders, and the Southern Ocean 82 species, 30 genera and 7 orders. Identifications and taxonomic accuracies were based on Mortensen, T. (1928, 1935, 1943, 1950, 1951) and David et al. (2005b).

The sampling area ranges from 35°S to 71°S latitude and from 180° W to 180°E longitude. The 35°S limit is coincident with the position of the Subtropical Convergence (Tchernia, 1980; Knox, 1983), which is considered to determine the limit between tropical and cold temperate marine species. The latter species were considered in the database, as they are likely to interact with Antarctic species in the future according to scenarii of forthcoming global climate change or to have interacted with them in the past.

Scope
Themes:
Biology > Benthos, Biology > Invertebrates
Keywords:
Marine, Antarctica, PS, Subantarctic waters, Echinoidea

Geographical coverage
Antarctica [Marine Regions]
PS, Subantarctic waters

Temporal coverage
1 January 1872 - 1 January 2010

Taxonomic coverage
Echinoidea [WoRMS]

Contributors
Université de Bourgogne; Biogéosciences, moredata creator

Related datasets
Published in:
AntOBIS: Antarctic Ocean Biogeographic Information System, more

Publication
Based on this dataset:
Dartnall, A.J. (1972). A brooding echinoid from Tasmania. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 97(429-432): 30-34, more
Mortensen, T. (1950). A monograph of the Echinoidea. V. 1. Spatangoida. I. Protosternata, Meridosternata, Amphisternata I. Palæopneustidæ, Palæostomatidæ, Aëropsidæ, Toxasteridæ, Micrasteridæ, Hemiasteridæ. Text and plates. C.A. Reitzel: Copenhagen. 432, XXV plates pp., more
McKnight, D.G. (1968). Additions to the echinoid fauna of New Zealand. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 2(1): 90-110. hdl.handle.net/10.1080/00288330.1968.9515229, more
Griffiths, H.J. (2010). Antarctic marine biodiversity – What do we know about the distribution of life in the Southern Ocean? PLoS One 5(8): e11683. hdl.handle.net/10.1371/journal.pone.0011683, more
Ríos, C.; Mutschke, E. (1999). Community structure of intertidal boulder-cobble fields in the Straits of Magellan, Chile, in: Arntz, W.E. et al. (Ed.) (1999). Magellan-Antarctic: ecosystems that drifted apart. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 63(Supl. 1): pp. 193-201, more
Tchernia, P. (1980). Descriptive regional oceanography. Pergamon Press: [s.l.]. ISBN 9780080209197. 253 pp., more
Mutschke, E.; Ríos, C. (2006). Distribución espacial y abundancia relativa de equinodermos en el Estrecho de Magallanes, Chile. Cienc. Tecnol. Mar (Valparaiso) 29(1): 91-102, more
Pawson, D.L. (1968). Echinoderms. Aust. Nat. Hist. 16(4): 129-133, more
Deheyn, D.D. et al. (2005). Evidence for enhanced bioavailability of trace elements in the marine ecosystem of Deception Island, a volcano in Antarctica. Mar. Environ. Res. 60(1): 1-33. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2004.08.001, more
Blount, C.; Worthington, D. (2002). Identifying individuals of the sea urchin Centrostephanus rodgersii with high-quality roe in New South Wales, Australia. Fish. Res. 58(3): 341–348. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00399-X, more
Gutt, J. et al. (2007). Mega-epibenthic diversity off Terre Adélie (Antarctica) in relation to disturbance. Polar Biol. 30(10): 1323-1329. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00300-007-0293-z, more
Ling, S.D. (2008). Range expansion of a habitat-modifying species leads to loss of taxonomic diversity: a new and impoverished reef state. Oecologia 156(4): 883-894. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00442-008-1043-9, more
Oyarzún, S. et al. (1999). Reproductive cycle of Loxechinus albus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in two areas of the Magellan region (53°S, 70-72°W), Chile, in: Arntz, W.E. et al. (Ed.) (1999). Magellan-Antarctic: ecosystems that drifted apart. Scientia Marina (Barcelona), 63(Supl. 1): pp. 439-449, more
Chiantore, M. et al. (2006). Sea urchins, sea stars and brittle stars from Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea, Antarctica). Polar Biol. 29(6): 467-475. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00300-005-0077-2, more
Ríos, C. et al. (2005). Soft-bottom macrobenthic faunal associations in the southern Chilean glacial fjord complex. Sci. Mar. (Barc.) 69(Suppl. 2): 225-236, more
Anderson, O.F. (2009). The giant purple pedinid — a new species of Caenopedina (Echinodermata: Echinoidea: Pedinidae) from New Zealand and Australia. Zootaxa 2007: 43-57, more
Knox, G.A. (1983). The living resources of the Southern Ocean: a scientific overview, in: Orrego-Vicuna, F. (Ed.) (1983). Antarctic resources policy. Scientific, legal and political issues . pp. 21-60. hdl.handle.net/10.1017/CBO9780511735462.003, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2015-02-19
Information last updated: 2015-02-19
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