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Marine mammal records of Cuba
Citation
Whitt A. 2015. Marine mammal records of Cuba. Data downloaded from OBIS-SEAMAP (http://seamap.env.duke.edu/dataset/1190) on yyyy-mm-dd.
Contact: Whitt, Amy

Access data
Archived data
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Description
There has been very little research on marine mammals in Cuban waters. Much of the information on marine mammals in this region is buried in historical and gray literature. In order to provide a comprehensive account of marine mammal occurrence in Cuba’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), we reviewed and verified 659 published and unpublished sighting, stranding, capture, and tagging records. more

Eighteen extant species and four genera have confirmed records for Cuban EEZ waters. This includes 17 species of cetaceans (three baleen whales and 14 toothed whales) and one sirenian species. An additional 11 cetacean species and one extant pinniped species have been reported, but not confirmed, or may have the potential to occur in Cuban waters. Historical records of the Caribbean monk seal (Monachus tropicalis) are documented in Cuba; however, this species is now considered extinct. The only two species that are seen regularly and considered common in Cuban nearshore waters are the common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus).

The temporal precision varies among records and most of the records do not have times (except those from satellite tag detections).

Some of the lat/long had to be estimated because exact locations were not available. For each record, there is a note describing the locations that are exact. As for the estimated lat/long, we estimated some of these just by finding the lat/long of the general location that was mentioned with the record. For some others, we georeferenced the coordinates from old figures of sightings/strandings since the raw data were not available.


Scope
Themes:
Biology > Mammals
Keywords:
Marine, Historical records, ASW: Cuba, Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804, Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913, Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758), Globicephala macrorhynchus Gray, 1846, Grampus griseus (G. Cuvier, 1812), Kogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838), Kogia sima (Owen, 1866), Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781), Mesoplodon densirostris (de Blainville, 1817), Mesoplodon europaeus (Gervais, 1855), Monachus tropicalis Gray, 1850, Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758), Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758, Pseudorca crassidens (Owen, 1846), Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846), Stenella frontalis (Cuvier, 1829), Stenella longirostris (Gray, 1828), Steno bredanensis (G. Cuvier in Lesson, 1828), Trichechus manatus latirostris (Harlan, 1824), Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821), Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier, 1823

Geographical coverage
ASW: Cuba

Taxonomic coverage
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacépède, 1804 [WoRMS]
Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913 [WoRMS]
Balaenoptera physalus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Globicephala macrorhynchus Gray, 1846 [WoRMS]
Grampus griseus (G. Cuvier, 1812) [WoRMS]
Kogia breviceps (de Blainville, 1838) [WoRMS]
Kogia sima (Owen, 1866) [WoRMS]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) [WoRMS]
Mesoplodon densirostris (de Blainville, 1817) [WoRMS]
Mesoplodon europaeus (Gervais, 1855) [WoRMS]
Monachus tropicalis Gray, 1850 [WoRMS]
Orcinus orca (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Pseudorca crassidens (Owen, 1846) [WoRMS]
Stenella attenuata (Gray, 1846) [WoRMS]
Stenella frontalis (Cuvier, 1829) [WoRMS]
Stenella longirostris (Gray, 1828) [WoRMS]
Steno bredanensis (G. Cuvier in Lesson, 1828) [WoRMS]
Trichechus manatus latirostris (Harlan, 1824) [WoRMS]
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821) [WoRMS]
Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier, 1823 [WoRMS]

Parameters
Animal sightings, Occurrence of biota

Contributors
Azura Consulting LLC, moredata creator

Related datasets
Published in:
OBIS-SEAMAP: Spatial Ecological Analysis of Megavertebrate Populations, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Literature research
Metadatarecord created: 2016-05-26
Information last updated: 2016-06-02
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