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Early naturalists’ accounts on the Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea) fish fauna
National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), Italian National Institute of Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Italy; (2016): Early naturalists’ accounts on the Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea) fish fauna.

Availability: CC0 To the extent possible under law, the person who associated CC0 with this dataset has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to this dataset.

The dataset includes information on fish species reported by 24 Italian and Austro-Hungarian naturalists, covering a period of more than 100 years. Naturalists’ knowledge of fish fauna was primarily based on direct observations at fish markets and at ports, on interviews with fishermen, on literature and on the analysis of natural history museum collections. more

We updated species synonymies according to the modern nomenclature by comparing old scientific names to global species databases and modern taxonomy books. 394 fish species were described in terms of presence/absence, perceived abundance, habitat preferences, seasonality, size, and other life-history traits. 139 fish species were excluded from the dataset: i) species cited by less than 5 authors; ii) species belonging to freshwater habitats; iii) species that were misreported (e.g. Gadus morhua); and iv) species with erroneous names and species that do not exist (e.g. Laeviraja morula and Notidanus barbarus). Perceived abundance reported by naturalists with descriptions of fish species are ranked using a four-level coding system (i.e. very rare, rare, common and very common).

Biology > Fish
Marine, MED, Adriatic Sea, Pisces

Geographical coverage
MED, Adriatic Sea [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1818 - 1936

Taxonomic coverage
Pisces [WoRMS]

Distribution, Fish length, Fishery type, Habitat, Perceived abundance, Reproduction period, Wet weight fish

Italian National Institute of Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), moredata creator
National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics (OGS), moredata creator

Based on this dataset:
Raicevich, S.; Fortibuoni, T. (2013). Assessing neoextirpations in the Adriatic Sea: an historical ecology approach, in: CIESM[s.d.] Marine extinctions - patterns and processes, Valencia, spain, 10-13 Ooctober 2012. : pp. 97-111, more
Fortibuoni, T. et al. (2010). Coding early Naturalists' accounts into long-term fish community changes in the Adriatic Sea (1800–2000). PLoS One 5(11): e15502., more
Borme, D. et al. (2016). Common, rare or extirpated? Shifting baselines for common angelshark, Squatina squatina (Elasmobranchii: Squatinidae), in the Northern Adriatic Sea (Mediterranean Sea). Hydrobiologia 772(1): 247-259., more
Describing this dataset:
Fortibuoni, T. et al. (2014). The progressive deregulation of fishery management in the Venetian Lagoon after the fall of the Repubblica Serenissima: food for thought on sustainability. Global Bioethics 25(1): 42-55., more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Data collection
Metadatarecord created: 2016-09-27
Information last updated: 2016-09-27
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