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Protected species bycatch in New Zealand fisheries
Citation
Abraham E (2016): Protected species bycatch in New Zealand fisheries. v1.1. No organisation. Dataset/Occurrence. https://nzobisipt.niwa.co.nz/resource?r=protected_species_bycatch_nz&v=1.1

Access data
Archived data
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Description
Seabirds, marine mammals, and turtles are caught during commercial fishing operations within the New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone. In order to monitor the impacts of fishing on these species, New Zealand government observers on fishing vessels record any protected species bycatch incidents that occur. Observer data on protected species captures are maintained by the Ministry for Primary Industries, with identification of captured animals carried out by the Department of Conservation. The data have been summarised in a series of reports, with the most recent report covering the period from 2002–03 to the end of the 2008–09 fishing year (Abraham and Thompson 2011b). This dataset provides a summary of protected species bycatch in trawl and longline fisheries, from the 2002–03 to 2012–13 fishing year (fishing years run from October 1 to September 30). more

Observers are only present on some fishing vessels. To estimate total captures in a fishery, it is necessary to use statistical methods to extrapolate from the observed fishing to the unobserved fishing. The total observable captures are an estimate of the captures that would have been reported, had observers been present on all fishing vessels. There may be additional mortalities (such as birds that are struck by fishing gear but not brought on board the vessel) that are not recorded by observers. These are referred to as ‘cryptic mortalities’ and are not included in the estimates of total captures, nor is there any evaluation of potential survival of seabirds recorded as captured but subsequently released alive. The methods used for the estimation follow those described in technical reports on bycatch estimation for seabirds (Abraham and Thompson 2011a, Abraham et al. 2013), and marine mammals (Thompson et al. 2013).

Scope
Themes:
Biology, Biology > Birds, Biology > Mammals, Biology > Reptiles
Keywords:
Marine, PSE, New Zealand, Aves, Cetacea, Testudines

Geographical coverage
PSE, New Zealand [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1 October 2002 - 30 September 2013

Taxonomic coverage
Aves [WoRMS]
Cetacea [WoRMS]
Testudines [WoRMS]

Parameter
Occurrence of biota

Contributors
Dragonfly Data Science, moredata creator
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), more

Related datasets
Published in:
NZOBIS: Southwestern Pacific Ocean Biodiversity Information System, more

Dataset status: In Progress
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2017-01-16
Information last updated: 2017-01-16
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy