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The First Comprehensive Description of the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Intertidal Communities
Citation
Griffiths & Waller (In Press) The First Comprehensive Description of the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Intertidal Communities. Journal of Biogeography https://doi.org/10.15468/doyfzk

Access data
Archived data
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Description
We created a database of 3,902 records of high southern latitude intertidal occurrences for 1,416 species/taxa, verified using the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS Editorial Board 2015), from 229 locations. Records date back to 1897. The majority of data came from published manuscripts and additional digital records from Smithsonian Antarctic Invertebrates (http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/) and for South Africa, Natural Geography in Shore Areas (NaGISA) from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) (Rigby et al., 2005). A record was considered to be intertidal if it was found between the high tide mark down to a maximum of 3m depth (allowing for variable tidal range in Antarctica). more

The database was compiled from studies of the ecology or whole communities of localities and avoiding studies that only targeted single species or taxa.
In this study we examine all available whole community intertidal records from the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic (following the geographic definitions used by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research Biogeographic Atlas). All islands south of the Polar Front are considered to be Antarctic (Bouvet Island, South Georgia, South Orkney Islands, South Sandwich Islands, South Shetland Islands) as described in Linse et al. (2006). All other islands within the influence of the Circumpolar Current are regarded as Sub-Antarctic.

Scope
Themes:
Biology, Biology > Ecology - biodiversity
Keywords:
Marine, Terrestrial, Data, Intertidal environment, Marine Genomics, PS, Southern Ocean, Animalia, Plantae

Geographical coverage
PS, Southern Ocean [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1 January 1897 - 1 January 2014

Taxonomic coverage
Animalia [WoRMS]
Plantae [WoRMS]

Parameter
Occurrence of biota

Contributors
Natural Environment Research Council; British Antarctic Survey (BAS), moredata creator
University of Hull, moredata creator

Related datasets
Published in:
AntOBIS: Antarctic Ocean Biodiversity Information System, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Data collection
Metadatarecord created: 2017-08-24
Information last updated: 2019-04-10
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy