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Latitudinal gradient of copepod functional diversity in the South Atlantic Ocean
Citable as data publication
Becker, E.C.; Mazzocchi, M.G.; de Macedo-Soares, L.C.P.; Brandão, M.C.; Freire, A.S.; (2021): Latitudinal gradient of copepod functional diversity in the South Atlantic Ocean. Marine Data Archive. https://doi.org/10.14284/458

Archived data

Gearchiveerd bestand:
Availability: Unrestricted after moratorium period
Data are initially restricted, but the access condition relaxes to academic or unrestricted once a specified period of time after an event (such as collection, publication, completion of QC procedures or project cessation) has elapsed

Description
We revisited the Tara Oceans zooplankton collection aiming to enlarge the latitudinal gradient of copepod diversity in the South Atlantic and Southern Ocean, which provided a unique opportunity to access a large variety of ecosystems, from tropical to polar waters, identifying copepods to the species level using morphological taxonomy. The sampling were carried out with a zooplankton WP2 net (200µm). The dataset contains: (1) sampling and environmental data, (2) raw counts, composition and taxonomic identification of the copepod species community, and (3) copepod traits data. more

There is a growing consensus about the need to assess the multifaceted marine biodiversity by analyzing morphological taxonomy and biological traits to link the biodiversity and ecosystem functioning relationships (BEF) to environmental variability. To unravel the copepod biodiversity, we merge three subjects: taxonomic versus functional diversity indices, trait-environment gradients and biodiversity and ecosystem relationships. We integrated the samplings in the Southern Brazilian shelf to the Tara Oceans expeditions at different biogeographic zones, from tropical to polar, throughout the Southwestern Atlantic up to the Southern Ocean. To assess the link between functional traits and environmental characteristics, we clustered the 94 species into functional groups based on the combination of five functional traits and estimated functional diversity indices.

Scope
Themes:
Biology > Ecology - biodiversity, Biology > Pigments (e.g. chlorophyll), Biology > Plankton > Zooplankton, Water composition > Dissolved gases, Water composition > Nutrients
Keywords:
Marine, Biogeography, Copepod biodiversity, Functional groups, Latitudinal gradient, Zooplankton functional traits, ASW, South West Atlantic, Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849, Acartia (Acartia) danae Giesbrecht, 1889, Acartia (Acartia) negligens Dana, 1849, Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis (Lilljeborg, 1853), Acrocalanus longicornis Giesbrecht, 1888, Calanoides acutus (Giesbrecht, 1902), Calanus simillimus Giesbrecht, 1902, Calocalanus contractus Farran, 1926, Calocalanus equalicauda (Bernard, 1958), Calocalanus pavo (Dana, 1852), Calocalanus pavoninus Farran, 1936, Calocalanus plumatus Shmeleva, 1965, Calocalanus plumulosus (Claus, 1863), Calocalanus styliremis Giesbrecht, 1888, Calocalanus tenuis Farran, 1926, Candacia bispinosa (Claus, 1863), Candacia pachydactyla (Dana, 1849), Candacia simplex (Giesbrecht, 1889), Centropages brachiatus (Dana, 1849), Centropages violaceus (Claus, 1863), Clausocalanus arcuicornis (Dana, 1849), Clausocalanus brevipes Frost & Fleminger, 1968, Clausocalanus furcatus (Brady, 1883), Clausocalanus ingens Frost & Fleminger, 1968, Clausocalanus laticeps Farran, 1929, Clausocalanus mastigophorus (Claus, 1863), Clausocalanus parapergens Frost & Fleminger, 1968, Clausocalanus paululus Farran, 1926, Clausocalanus pergens Farran, 1926, Clytemnestra scutellata Dana, 1847, Copilia mirabilis Dana, 1852, Corycaeus (Agetus) flaccus Giesbrecht, 1891, Corycaeus (Agetus) typicus Krøyer, 1849, Corycaeus (Corycaeus) speciosus Dana, 1849, Corycaeus (Urocorycaeus) lautus (Dana, 1849), Corycaeus giesbrechti Dahl F., 1894, Ctenocalanus citer Heron & Bowman, 1971, Ctenocalanus vanus Giesbrecht, 1888, Delibus nudus (Sewell, 1929), Eucalanus hyalinus (Claus, 1866), Euchaeta acuta Giesbrecht, 1893, Euchaeta marina (Prestandrea, 1833), Farranula curta (Farran, 1911), Farranula gracilis (Dana, 1849), Farranula rostrata (Claus, 1863), Haloptilus longicornis (Claus, 1863), Heterorhabdus papilliger (Claus, 1863), Heterorhabdus spinifrons (Claus, 1863), Labidocera acutifrons (Dana, 1849), Lubbockia squillimana Claus, 1863, Lucicutia flavicornis (Claus, 1863), Lucicutia longicornis (Giesbrecht, 1889), Macrosetella gracilis (Dana, 1846), Mecynocera clausi Thompson I.C., 1888, Mesocalanus tenuicornis (Dana, 1849), Metridia lucens Boeck, 1865, Microcalanus pygmaeus (Sars G.O., 1900), Microsetella rosea (Dana, 1847), Monothula subtilis (Giesbrecht, 1893), Nannocalanus minor (Claus, 1863), Neocalanus gracilis (Dana, 1852), Neocalanus robustior (Giesbrecht, 1888), Oithona atlantica Farran, 1908, Oithona longispina Nishida, Tanaka & Omori, 1977, Oithona nana Giesbrecht, 1893, Oithona plumifera Baird, 1843, Oithona robusta Giesbrecht, 1891, Oithona setigera (Dana, 1849), Oithona similis Claus, 1866, Oithona tenuis Rosendorn, 1917, Oncaea media Giesbrecht, 1891, Oncaea mediterranea (Claus, 1863), Oncaea venusta Philippi, 1843, Oncaea waldemari Bersano & Boxshall, 1996, Paracalanus aculeatus Giesbrecht, 1888, Paracalanus campaneri Björnberg T.K.S., 1982, Paracalanus denudatus Sewell, 1929, Paracalanus parvus (Claus, 1863), Paracalanus quasimodo Bowman, 1971, Paralabidocera antarctica (Thompson I.C., 1898), Pareucalanus sewelli (Fleminger, 1973), Pleuromamma abdominalis (Lubbock, 1856), Pleuromamma borealis Dahl F., 1893, Pleuromamma gracilis Claus, 1863, Pontellina plumata (Dana, 1849), Rhincalanus gigas Brady, 1883, Rhincalanus nasutus Giesbrecht, 1888, Sapphirina angusta Dana, 1849, Sapphirina iris Dana, 1849, Sapphirina nigromaculata Claus, 1863, Sapphirina opalina Dana, 1849, Scaphocalanus curtus (Farran, 1926), Scaphocalanus medius (Sars G.O., 1907), Scolecithricella dentata (Giesbrecht, 1893), Scolecithricella minor (Brady, 1883), Scolecithrix danae (Lubbock, 1856), Stephos longipes Giesbrecht, 1902, Subeucalanus longiceps (Matthews, 1925), Temora stylifera (Dana, 1849), Temora turbinata (Dana, 1849), Temoropia mayumbaensis Scott T., 1894, Triconia conifera (Giesbrecht, 1891), Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849), Vettoria parva (Farran, 1936)

Geographical coverage
ASW, South West Atlantic Stations [Marine Regions]
MCT-II station 50
Coordinates: Long: -46,5517; Lat: -28,2467 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 51
Coordinates: Long: -46,225; Lat: -27,3417 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 63
Coordinates: Long: -45,8417; Lat: -26,58 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 64
Coordinates: Long: -45,6343; Lat: -25,8235 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 65
Coordinates: Long: -45,4267; Lat: -25,0517 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 74
Coordinates: Long: -40,0355; Lat: -21,4527 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 75
Coordinates: Long: -39,8468; Lat: -21,8323 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 84
Coordinates: Long: -39,9423; Lat: -22,3038 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 86
Coordinates: Long: -40,0497; Lat: -22,7293 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 98
Coordinates: Long: -40,8832; Lat: -23,2258 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 99
Coordinates: Long: -41,1347; Lat: -23,6517 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 107
Coordinates: Long: -41,9995; Lat: -23,99 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 108
Coordinates: Long: -42,4915; Lat: -24,0118 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 73
Coordinates: Long: -24,3968; Lat: -12,5085 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 74
Coordinates: Long: -28,9413; Lat: -16,0681 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 75
Coordinates: Long: -32,6984; Lat: -18,0312 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 76
Coordinates: Long: -35,2784; Lat: -20,987 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 77
Coordinates: Long: -43,8111; Lat: -24,5899 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 79
Coordinates: Long: -47,6597; Lat: -34,4347 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 80
Coordinates: Long: -51,9677; Lat: -40,6426 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 81
Coordinates: Long: -52,3783; Lat: -44,5431 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 82
Coordinates: Long: -58,0288; Lat: -47,1718 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 83
Coordinates: Long: -65,5292; Lat: -54,74 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 89
Coordinates: Long: -67,1072; Lat: -57,7342 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 84
Coordinates: Long: -60,547; Lat: -60,3209 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 85
Coordinates: Long: -49,303; Lat: -62,1432 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 87
Coordinates: Long: -56,1287; Lat: -63,8537 [WGS84]
TARA Oceans Station 86
Coordinates: Long: -53,0542; Lat: -64,3544 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 8
Coordinates: Long: -50,8433; Lat: -34,8617 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 9
Coordinates: Long: -49,8117; Lat: -33,66 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 26
Coordinates: Long: -49,2602; Lat: -32,075 [WGS84]
MCT-II station 27
Coordinates: Long: -48,0333; Lat: -30,86 [WGS84]

Temporal coverage
9 October 2010 - 27 January 2011
Not relevant

Taxonomic coverage
Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 [WoRMS]
Acartia (Acartia) danae Giesbrecht, 1889 [WoRMS]
Acartia (Acartia) negligens Dana, 1849 [WoRMS]
Acartia (Acartiura) longiremis (Lilljeborg, 1853) [WoRMS]
Acrocalanus longicornis Giesbrecht, 1888 [WoRMS]
Calanoides acutus (Giesbrecht, 1902) [WoRMS]
Calanus simillimus Giesbrecht, 1902 [WoRMS]
Calocalanus contractus Farran, 1926 [WoRMS]
Calocalanus equalicauda (Bernard, 1958) [WoRMS]
Calocalanus pavo (Dana, 1852) [WoRMS]
Calocalanus pavoninus Farran, 1936 [WoRMS]
Calocalanus plumatus Shmeleva, 1965 [WoRMS]
Calocalanus plumulosus (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Calocalanus styliremis Giesbrecht, 1888 [WoRMS]
Calocalanus tenuis Farran, 1926 [WoRMS]
Candacia bispinosa (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Candacia pachydactyla (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Candacia simplex (Giesbrecht, 1889) [WoRMS]
Centropages brachiatus (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Centropages violaceus (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus arcuicornis (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus brevipes Frost & Fleminger, 1968 [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus furcatus (Brady, 1883) [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus ingens Frost & Fleminger, 1968 [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus laticeps Farran, 1929 [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus mastigophorus (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus parapergens Frost & Fleminger, 1968 [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus paululus Farran, 1926 [WoRMS]
Clausocalanus pergens Farran, 1926 [WoRMS]
Clytemnestra scutellata Dana, 1847 [WoRMS]
Copilia mirabilis Dana, 1852 [WoRMS]
Corycaeus (Agetus) flaccus Giesbrecht, 1891 [WoRMS]
Corycaeus (Agetus) typicus Krøyer, 1849 [WoRMS]
Corycaeus (Corycaeus) speciosus Dana, 1849 [WoRMS]
Corycaeus (Urocorycaeus) lautus (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Corycaeus giesbrechti Dahl F., 1894 [WoRMS]
Ctenocalanus citer Heron & Bowman, 1971 [WoRMS]
Ctenocalanus vanus Giesbrecht, 1888 [WoRMS]
Delibus nudus (Sewell, 1929) [WoRMS]
Eucalanus hyalinus (Claus, 1866) [WoRMS]
Euchaeta acuta Giesbrecht, 1893 [WoRMS]
Euchaeta marina (Prestandrea, 1833) [WoRMS]
Farranula curta (Farran, 1911) [WoRMS]
Farranula gracilis (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Farranula rostrata (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Haloptilus longicornis (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Heterorhabdus papilliger (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Heterorhabdus spinifrons (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Labidocera acutifrons (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Lubbockia squillimana Claus, 1863 [WoRMS]
Lucicutia flavicornis (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Lucicutia longicornis (Giesbrecht, 1889) [WoRMS]
Macrosetella gracilis (Dana, 1846) [WoRMS]
Mecynocera clausi Thompson I.C., 1888 [WoRMS]
Mesocalanus tenuicornis (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Metridia lucens Boeck, 1865 [WoRMS]
Microcalanus pygmaeus (Sars G.O., 1900) [WoRMS]
Microsetella rosea (Dana, 1847) [WoRMS]
Monothula subtilis (Giesbrecht, 1893) [WoRMS]
Nannocalanus minor (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Neocalanus gracilis (Dana, 1852) [WoRMS]
Neocalanus robustior (Giesbrecht, 1888) [WoRMS]
Oithona atlantica Farran, 1908 [WoRMS]
Oithona longispina Nishida, Tanaka & Omori, 1977 [WoRMS]
Oithona nana Giesbrecht, 1893 [WoRMS]
Oithona plumifera Baird, 1843 [WoRMS]
Oithona robusta Giesbrecht, 1891 [WoRMS]
Oithona setigera (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Oithona similis Claus, 1866 [WoRMS]
Oithona tenuis Rosendorn, 1917 [WoRMS]
Oncaea media Giesbrecht, 1891 [WoRMS]
Oncaea mediterranea (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Oncaea venusta Philippi, 1843 [WoRMS]
Oncaea waldemari Bersano & Boxshall, 1996 [WoRMS]
Paracalanus aculeatus Giesbrecht, 1888 [WoRMS]
Paracalanus campaneri Björnberg T.K.S., 1982 [WoRMS]
Paracalanus denudatus Sewell, 1929 [WoRMS]
Paracalanus parvus (Claus, 1863) [WoRMS]
Paracalanus quasimodo Bowman, 1971 [WoRMS]
Paralabidocera antarctica (Thompson I.C., 1898) [WoRMS]
Pareucalanus sewelli (Fleminger, 1973) [WoRMS]
Pleuromamma abdominalis (Lubbock, 1856) [WoRMS]
Pleuromamma borealis Dahl F., 1893 [WoRMS]
Pleuromamma gracilis Claus, 1863 [WoRMS]
Pontellina plumata (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Rhincalanus gigas Brady, 1883 [WoRMS]
Rhincalanus nasutus Giesbrecht, 1888 [WoRMS]
Sapphirina angusta Dana, 1849 [WoRMS]
Sapphirina iris Dana, 1849 [WoRMS]
Sapphirina nigromaculata Claus, 1863 [WoRMS]
Sapphirina opalina Dana, 1849 [WoRMS]
Scaphocalanus curtus (Farran, 1926) [WoRMS]
Scaphocalanus medius (Sars G.O., 1907) [WoRMS]
Scolecithricella dentata (Giesbrecht, 1893) [WoRMS]
Scolecithricella minor (Brady, 1883) [WoRMS]
Scolecithrix danae (Lubbock, 1856) [WoRMS]
Stephos longipes Giesbrecht, 1902 [WoRMS]
Subeucalanus longiceps (Matthews, 1925) [WoRMS]
Temora stylifera (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Temora turbinata (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Temoropia mayumbaensis Scott T., 1894 [WoRMS]
Triconia conifera (Giesbrecht, 1891) [WoRMS]
Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849) [WoRMS]
Vettoria parva (Farran, 1936) [WoRMS]

Parameters
Ammonium (NH4+), Chlorophyll a, Copepoda count Methodology , Depth, Dissolved oxygen (O2), Fluorescence, Nitrate (NO3-), Nitrite (NO2-), Phosphate (PO43-), Salinity, Silicate (SiO44-), Temperature
Copepoda count: Zooplankton WP2 net

Contributors
Federal University of Santa Catarina; Department of Ecology and Zoology, moredata creator
Stazione Zoologica 'Anton Dohrn' of Naples; Integrative Marine Ecology, moredata creator

Project
ASSEMBLE+: Association of European Marine Biological Laboratories Expanded, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Research: field survey
Metadatarecord created: 2020-04-21
Information last updated: 2021-03-25
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