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The Retrospective Analysis of Antarctic Tracking (Standardised) Data from the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Citation
Ropert-Coudert Y, Van de Putte A P, Bornemann H, Charrassin J, Costa D P, Danis B, Hückstädt L A, Jonsen I D, Lea M, Reisinger R R, Thompson D, Torres L G, Trathan P N, Wotherspoon S, Ainley D G, Alderman R, Andrews-Goff V, Arthur B, Ballard G, Bengtson J, Bester M N, Boehme L, Bost C, Boveng P, Cleeland J, Constantine R, Crawford R J M, Dalla Rosa L, de Bruyn P N, Delord K, Descamps S, Double M, Emmerson L, Fedak M, Friedlander A, Gales N, Goebel M, Goetz K T, Guinet C, Goldsworthy S D, Harcourt R, Hinke J, Jerosch K, Kato A, Kerry K R, Kirkwood R, Kooyma G L, Kovacs K M, Lawton K, Lowther A D, Lydersen C, Lyver P O, Makhado A B, Márquez M E I, McDonald B, McMahon C, Muelbert M, Nachtsheim D, Nicholls K W, Nordøy E S, Olmastroni S, Phillips R A, Pistorius P, Plötz J, Pütz K, Ratcliffe N, Ryan P G, Santos M, Schytte Blix A, Southwell C, Staniland I, Takahashi A, Tarroux A, Trivelpiece W, Wakefield E, Weimerskirch H, Wienecke B, Xavier J C, Raymond B, Hindell M A (2020): The Retrospective Analysis of Antarctic Tracking (Standardised) Data from the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. v1.3. SCAR - AntOBIS. Dataset/Metadata. https://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource?r=raatd_scar_trackingdata&v=1.3 https://doi.org/10.4225/15/5afcb927e8162

Access data
Archived data
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Notes: The publisher and rights holder of this work is SCAR - AntOBIS. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Description
The Southern Ocean is a remote, hostile environment where conducting marine biology is challenging, so we know relatively little about this important region, which is critical as a habitat for breeding and foraging of many marine endotherms. Scientists from around the world have been tracking seals, penguins, petrels, whales and albatrosses for more than two decades to learn how they spend their time at sea. The Retrospective Analysis of Antarctic Tracking Data (RAATD), was initiated by the SCAR Expert Group on Marine Mammals (EG-BAMM) in 2010. more

This team has assembled tracking data shared by 38 biologists from 11 different countries to accumulate the largest animal tracking database in the world, containing information from 15 species, containing over 3,400 individual animals and almost 2.5 million at-sea locations. Analysing a dataset of this size brings its own challenges and the team is developing new and innovative statistical approaches to integrate these complex data. When complete RAATD will provide a greater understanding of fundamental ecosystem processes in the Southern Ocean, help predict the future of top predator distribution and help with spatial management planning.
The dataset is restricted to the Southern Ocean, in a broad sense. All species considered in this dataset have circumpolar distributions with a longitudinal range spanning 180°W to 180°E. The species breed either on the coast of the Antarctic continent or on the sub-Antarctic islands to the north.
Seventeen species of meso- and top predators were included in the dataset, five marine mammals (one baleen whale, one otariid and three phocid seals) and twelve seabirds (five penguin, five albatross, and two petrels). The species cover a diverse range of ecological niches and life history traits and include dietary specialists (e.g. crabeater seals), deep divers (e.g. elephant seal Mirounga leonina and emperor penguin Aptenodytes forsteri), wide ranging, highly migratory species (e.g. wandering albatross Diomedea exulans), nearshore foragers (e.g. Adélie penguin Pygoscelis adeliae) and capital (e.g. Weddell seal) versus income (e.g. Antarctic fur seal Arctocephalus gazella) breeders.

Scope
Themes:
Biology > Birds, Biology > Ecology - biodiversity, Biology > Mammals
Keywords:
Marine, Animal behaviour, Animal ecology, Tracking, PS, Southern Ocean, Aptenodytes forsteri Gray, 1844, Aptenodytes patagonicus Miller, 1778, Arctocephalus gazella (Peters, 1875), Diomedea exulans Linnaeus, 1758, Eudyptes chrysolophus (Brandt, 1837), Leptonychotes weddellii (Lesson, 1826), Lobodon carcinophagus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1842), Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781), Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758), Phoebetria palpebrata (Forster, 1785), Procellaria aequinoctialis Linnaeus, 1758, Pygoscelis adeliae (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841), Thalassarche chrysostoma (Forster, 1785), Thalassarche melanophris (Temminck, 1828), Thalassoica antarctica (Gmelin, 1789)

Geographical coverage
PS, Southern Ocean [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
1 January 1991 - 31 December 2015

Taxonomic coverage
Aptenodytes forsteri Gray, 1844 [WoRMS]
Aptenodytes patagonicus Miller, 1778 [WoRMS]
Arctocephalus gazella (Peters, 1875) [WoRMS]
Diomedea exulans Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Brandt, 1837) [WoRMS]
Leptonychotes weddellii (Lesson, 1826) [WoRMS]
Lobodon carcinophagus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1842) [WoRMS]
Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski, 1781) [WoRMS]
Mirounga leonina (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]
Phoebetria palpebrata (Forster, 1785) [WoRMS]
Procellaria aequinoctialis Linnaeus, 1758 [WoRMS]
Pygoscelis adeliae (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841) [WoRMS]
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Forster, 1785) [WoRMS]
Thalassarche melanophris (Temminck, 1828) [WoRMS]
Thalassoica antarctica (Gmelin, 1789) [WoRMS]

Parameter
Occurrence of biota

Contributors
Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen (IRScNB/KBIN), more
Université de La Rochelle; Centre d’Etudes Biologiques de Chizé (CEBC), moredata creator

Related datasets
Published in:
AntOBIS: Antarctic Ocean Biodiversity Information System, more
(Partly) included in:
RAS: Register of Antarctic Species, more

Dataset status: Completed
Data type: Data
Data origin: Data collection
Metadatarecord created: 2021-07-06
Information last updated: 2021-07-06
All data in the Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS) is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy