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Isotopen Geologie en Evolutie van het Paleo-Milieu (VUB-GEOL)

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English name: Isotope Geology and Evolution of the Paleoenvironments
Parent institute: Vrije Universiteit Brussel; Faculteit Wetenschappen; Vakgroep Geologie (VUB), more

Thesaurus terms (4) : Biogeochemical cycle; Isotopes; Palaeoclimate; Palaeoenvironments
Pleinlaan 2
1050 Brussel

Tel.: +32-(0)2-629 33 82
Fax: +32-(0)2-629 33 91
Type: Scientific

Research focuses on Earth and environmental sciences, which means a broad scope of interests. The experimental approach using 'isotope geology' is original and unique in Flanders. The department' labs host several mass spectrometers for the precise determination of several key isotopic systems. The isotopes are powerful geological tools, with a broad range of application, often resulting in stimulating inter-university projects and international collaborations. What can isotopes bring about to the knowledge of geologic and environmental processes? Fractionation processes affecting the light isotopes (O, N, C, H, S) are important in many field of Earth and environmental sciences. They can permit to identify past climatic changes, or physico-chemical modification affection low and high temperature geolological systems. The stable isotope signature can also be used as a tracer of various processes in hydrogeology for example or to characterize organic matter in sediments. But these techniques also have applications in other fields from medical sciences to the food industry for example. Geochronology is based on a radioactive-radiogenic isotope pairs, in the present case K40 and Ar40 (K-Ar and Ar-Ar methods). This versatile method allows the numerical dating of rocks older than the Earth (4.6 billion years) to the eruption of the Vesuvius in roman times (-79 BC). Geochronology is of paramount importance in many geological questions from calibrating the stratigraphic time scale to the timing of various volcanic events.

Publications (3)  Top | Projects 
    ( 3 peer reviewed ) split up filter
  • Peer reviewed article Gillikin, D.P.; Lorrain, A.; Navez, J.; Taylor, J.W.; André, L.; Keppens, E.; Baeyens, W.; Dehairs, F. (2005). Strong biological controls on Sr/Ca ratios in aragonitic marine bivalve shells. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 6(5): Q05009 (16 pp.)., more
  • Peer reviewed article Hong, W.; Keppens, E.; Nielsen, P.; Vanriet, A. (1995). Oxygen and carbon isotope study of the Holocene oyster reefs and paleoenvironmental reconstruction on the northwest coast of Bohai Bay, China. Mar. Geol. 124(1-4): 289-302., more
  • Peer reviewed article Paepe, R.; Mariolakos, I.; Van Overloop, E.; Keppens, E. (1990). Last Interglacial-Glacial North-South geosoil traverse (from stratotypes in the North Sea Basin and in the Eastern Mediterranean). Quaternary International 5: 57-70, more

Projects (6)  Top | Publications 
  • Interaction between water column and intertidal zones of Scheldt River: Biogeochemical cycles of C and N, more
  • Marine Research Drilling - The ESF Magellan Workshop Series., more
  • OMES 1 Main: Research on the environmental effects of the SIGMA plan, more
  • OMES 1: Water balance, more
  • Quaternary climate reconstruction through stabile isotope research of continental sediments, more
  • Use of sclerosponges (Porifera) as biorecorders of environmental changes, more

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