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Onderzoeksgroep Evolutionaire Morfologie van de Vertebraten (UGent)
This institute is the successor of the institute underneath
Afdeling Functionele Morfologie (UGent), more

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English name: Research group Evolutionary Morphology of Vertebrates
Parent institute: Universiteit Gent; Faculteit Wetenschappen; Vakgroep Biologie (UGent), more
Previous name: Universiteit Gent; Faculteit Wetenschappen; Vakgroep Biologie; Afdeling Functionele Morfologie (UGent), more
K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35
9000 Gent
Type: Scientific

Persons (15)  Top | Publications | Projects 

The research group Evolutionary Morphology of Vertebrates of Ghent University originates from the laboratory of Zoology, and was founded in 2001. This research group studies the evolutionary morphology of vertebrates, including marine fish. The research topics focus on ontogeny and (abnormal) morphology of marine (and other) fish, both from an evolutionary as applied (aquaculture) context. Projects on marine fish focus on syngnathid fish, European eel, seabass and gilthead sea bream. The group also performs research on the biomimetics and potential use of natural structures in industrial design (such as prehensile tail of seahorses). The group undertook three expeditions to Gabon (1999, 2000 and 2011) to collect fish species from lakes and rivers. They also participated in an expedition to Guyana in 2007 to study the Essequibo and Amazon basin and they organised an expedition to Peru in order to study the fish fauna in Andes Rivers.

The marine research topics studied by this group are:
- Phylogeny and the evolution of the muscles and skeleton of cranial systems in Anguilliformes;
- Effect of physical and nutritional parameters on the development of Dicentrarchus labrax larvae in axenic and gnotobiotic environments;
- The application of histology and geometric morphometry in the early detection of opercular malformations in cultivated sea breams (Sparus aurata);
- The phenotypical variation in the cranial morphology of the European eel in relation to feeding ecology and pollution;
- PRO-EEL - The propagation of the European eel - towards a self-maintaining aquaculture;
- The evolution and design of the feeding apparatus of seahorses and pipefish (Syngnathidae);
- The study of the seahorse skeleton and its potential use in industrial designs.

In the future, the group will study, among others, the morphological aspects of skeletal malformations in cultivated (aquaculture) fish and will contribute to the understanding of the role of phenotypic variation in head morphology of the European eel on its ecology and bio-accumulation of pollutants, as well as the elucidation of ontogenetic patterns of the feeding apparatus and performance in European and Japanese eel larvae.

The research group collaborates closely with the laboratory of Aquaculture and Artemia Reference Center, which is the coordinator of the UGent Aquaculture R&D Consortium and the IOF consortium Aquaculture Ghent University, in which the research group Evolutionary Morphology of Vertebrates is actively involved. The group is also member of the Marine@UGent consortium. Furthermore, the group collaborates intensively with the Centre for X-ray Tomography (UGent, UGCT) and the Institute for Nature and Forest Research (INBO).

Publications (43)  Top | Persons | Projects 
    ( 37 peer reviewed ) split up filter
  • Peer reviewed article Debusschere, E.; Hostens, K.; Adriaens, D.; Ampe, B.; Botteldooren, D.; De Boeck, G.; De Muynck, A.; Sinha, A.K.; Vandendriessche, S.; Van Hoorebeke, L.; Vincx, M.; Degraer, S. (2016). Acoustic stress responses in juvenile sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax induced by offshore pile driving. Environ. Pollut. 208(Part B): 747-757., more
  • Peer reviewed article Sarafraz, J.; Rajabizadeh, M.; Kamrani, E. (2016). The preliminary assessment of abundance and composition of marine beach debris in the northern Persian Gulf, Bandar Abbas City, Iran. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 96(01): 131-135., more
  • Peer reviewed article Bouilliart, M.; Tomkiewicz, J.; Lauesen, P.; De Kegel, B.; Adriaens, D. (2015). Musculoskeletal anatomy and feeding performance of pre-feeding engyodontic larvae of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). J. Anat. 227(3): 325-340., more
  • Peer reviewed article Day, S.; Higham, T.; Holzman, R.; Van Wassenbergh, S. (2015). Morphology, kinematics, and dynamics: the mechanics of suction feeding in fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology 55(1): 21-35., more
  • Peer reviewed article Dutel, H; Herbin, M; Clement, G; Herrel, A. (2015). Bite force in the extant coelacanth Latimeria: the role of the intracranial joint and the basicranial muscle. Curr. Biol. 25(9): 1228-1233., more
  • Peer reviewed article Dutel, H; Herrel, A.; Clement, G; Herbin, M (2015). Redescription of the hyoid apparatus and associated musculature in the extant coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae: functional implications for feeding. Anat. Rec. 298(3): 579-601., more
  • Peer reviewed article Michel, K.B.; Heiss, E.; Aerts, P.; Van Wassenbergh, S. (2015). A fish that uses its hydrodynamic tongue to feed on land. Proc. - Royal Soc., Biol. Sci. 282(1805): 20150057., more
  • Peer reviewed article Porter, M.M.; Adriaens, D.; Hatton, R.L.; Meyers, M.A.; McKittrick, J. (2015). Why the seahorse tail is square. Science (Wash.) 349(6243): [8 pp]. , more
  • Peer reviewed article Ruppé, L.; Clement, G.; Herrel, A.; Ballesta, L.; Decamps, T.; Kéver, L.; Parmentier, E. (2015). Environmental constraints drive the partitioning of the soundscape in fishes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 112(19): 6092-6097., more
  • Peer reviewed article Van Wassenbergh, S.; van Manen, K.; Marcroft, T.; Alfaro, M.; Stamhuis, E. (2015). Boxfish swimming paradox resolved: forces by the flow of water around the body promote manoeuvrability. J. R. Soc. Interface 12(103): 11 pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Bertucci, F.; Ruppe, L; Van Wassenbergh, S.; Compère, P.; Parmentier, E. (2014). New insights into the role of the pharyngeal jaw apparatus in the sound-producing mechanism of Haemulon flavolineatum (Haemulidae). J. Exp. Biol. 217(21): 3862-3869., more
  • Peer reviewed article Declercq, A.M.; Chiers, K.; Van Den Broeck, W.; Rekecki, A.; Teerlinck, S.; Adriaens, D.; Haesebrouck, F.; Decostere, A. (2014). White necrotic tail tips in estuary seahorses, Hippocampus kuda, Bleeker. J. Fish Dis. 37(5): 501-504., more
  • Peer reviewed article Kéver, L.; Colleye, O.; Lugli, M; Lecchini, D; Lerouvreur, F; Herrel, A.; Parmentier, E. (2014). Sound production in Onuxodon fowleri (Carapidae) and its amplification by the host shell. J. Exp. Biol. 217(24): 4283-4294., more
  • Peer reviewed article Neutens, C.; Adriaens, D.; Christiaens, J.; De Kegel, B.; Dierick, M.; Boistel, R; Van Hoorebeke, L. (2014). Grasping convergent evolution in syngnathids: a unique tale of tails. J. Anat. 224(6): 710-723., more
  • Peer reviewed article Nikolakakis, S.; Bossier, P.; Kanlis, G.; Dierckens, K.; Adriaens, D. (2014). Protocol for quantitative shape analysis of deformities in early larval European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax. J. Fish Biol. 84(1): 206-224., more
  • Peer reviewed article Praet, T.; Adriaens, D.; Neutens, C.; Maia, A.; De Beule, E.; Verhegghe, B. (2014). Understanding the mechanics of tail grasping in seahorses using a parametrized computer model. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54: E169-E169, more
  • Peer reviewed article Van Wassenbergh, S.; Leysen, H.; Adriaens, D.; Aerts, P. (2013). Mechanics of snout expansion in suction-feeding seahorses: musculoskeletal force transmission. J. Exp. Biol. 216(3): 407-417., more
  • Peer reviewed article Nowroozi, B.N.; Harper, C.J.; De Kegel, B.; Adriaens, D.; Brainerd, E.L. (2012). Regional variation in morphology of vertebral centra and intervertebral joints in striped bass, Morone saxatilis. J. Morphol. (1931) 273(4): 441-452., more
  • Peer reviewed article Van Liefferinge, C.; Dillen, A.; Ide, C.; Herrel, A.; Belpaire, C.; Mouton, A.; De Deckere, E.; Meire, P. (2012). The role of a freshwater tidal area with controlled reduced tide as feeding habitat for European eel (Anguilla anguilla, L.). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 28(4): 572-581., more
  • Peer reviewed article Ide, C.; De Schepper, N.; Christiaens, J.; van Liefferinge, C.; Herrel, A.; Goemans, G.; Meire, P.; Belpaire, C.; Geeraerts, C.; Adriaens, D. (2011). Bimodality in head shape in European eel. J. Zool. (1987) 285(3): 230-238., more
  • Peer reviewed article Leysen, H.; Christiaens, J.; De Kegel, B.; Boone, M.N.; Van Hoorebeke, L.; Adriaens, D. (2011). Musculoskeletal structure of the feeding system and implications of snout elongation in Hippocampus reidi and Dunckerocampus dactyliophorus. J. Fish Biol. 78(6): 1799-1823., more
  • Peer reviewed article Leysen, H.; Roos, G.; Adriaens, D. (2011). Morphological variation in head shape of pipefishes and seahorses in relation to snout length and developmental growth. J. Morphol. (1931) 272(10): 1259-1270., more
  • Peer reviewed article Leysen, H.; Dumont, E.R.; Brabant, L.; Van Hoorebeke, L.; Adriaens, D. (2011). Modelling stress in the feeding apparatus of seahorses and pipefishes (Teleostei: Syngnathidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 104(3): 680-691., more
  • Peer reviewed article Roos, G.; Van Wassenbergh, S.; Aerts, Peter, P., P.; Herrel, A.; Adriaens, D. (2011). Effects of snout dimensions on the hydrodynamics of suction feeding in juvenile and adult seahorses. J. Theor. Biol. 269(1): 307-317., more
  • Peer reviewed article Van Wassenbergh, S.; Roos, G.; Aerts, P.; Herrel, A.; Adriaens, D. (2011). Why the long face? A comparative study of feeding kinematics of two pipefishes with different snout lengths. J. Fish Biol. 78(6): 1786-1798., more
  • Peer reviewed article Eagderi, S.; Adriaens, D. (2010). Cephalic morphology of Pythonichthys macrurus (Heterenchelyidae: Anguilliformes): specializations for head-first burrowing. J. Morphol. (1931) 271(9): 1053-1065., more
  • Peer reviewed article Eagderi, S.; Adriaens, D. (2010). Head morphology of the duckbill eel, Hoplunnis punctata (Regan, 1915; Nettastomatidae: Anguilliformes) in relation to jaw elongation. Zoology (Jena) 113(3): 148-157., more
  • Peer reviewed article Leysen, H.; Jouk, P.; Brunain, M.; Christiaens, J.; Adriaens, D. (2010). Cranial architecture of tube-snouted gasterosteiformes (Syngnathus rostellatus and Hippocampus capensis). J. Morphol. (1931) 271(3): 255-270., more
  • Peer reviewed article Morel, C.; Adriaens, D.; Boone, M.; De Wolf, T.; Van Hoorebeke, L.; Sorgeloos, P. (2010). Visualizing mineralization in deformed opercular bones of larval gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26(2): 278-279., more
  • Peer reviewed article Roos, G.; Van Wassenbergh, S.; Herrel, A.; Adriaens, D.; Aerts, Peter, P., P. (2010). Snout allometry in seahorses: Insights on optimisation of pivot feeding performance during ontogeny. J. Exp. Biol. 213(13): 2184-2193., more
  • Peer reviewed article Roos, G.; Leysen, H.; Van Wassenbergh, S.; Herrel, A.; Jacobs, P.; Dierick, M.; Aerts, Peter, P., P.; Adriaens, D. (2009). Linking morphology and motion: a test of a four-bar mechanism in seahorses. Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 82(1): 7-19., more
  • Peer reviewed article Van Wassenbergh, S.; Roos, G.; Genbrugge, A.; Leysen, H.; Aerts, P.; Adriaens, D.; Herrel, A. (2009). Suction is kid’s play: Extremely fast suction in newborn seahorses. Biol. Lett. 5(2): 200-203., more
  • Peer reviewed article De Schepper, N.; Van Wassenbergh, S.; Adriaens, D. (2008). Morphology of the jaw system in trichiurids: trade-offs between mouth closing and biting performance. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 152(4): 717-736., more
  • Peer reviewed article Frederich, B.; Adriaens, D.; Vandewalle, P. (2008). Ontogenetic shape changes in Pomacentridae (Teleostei, Perciformes) and their relationships with feeding strategies: a geometric morphometric approach. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 95(1): 92-105., more
  • Peer reviewed article Willems, M.; Leroux, F.; Huysentruyt, F.; Adriaens, D.; Claeys, M.; Artois, T.; Borgonie, G. (2008). From stem cell to complex sperm in the Rhabditophoran Macrostomum lignano. J. Morphol. (1931) 269(12): 1481., more
  • Peer reviewed article Verhaegen, Y.; Adriaens, D.; Wolf, T.D.; Dhert, Ph.; Sorgeloos, P. (2007). Deformities in larval gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata): A qualitative and quantitative analysis using geometric morphometrics. Aquaculture 268(1-4): 156-168., more
  • Peer reviewed article Verhaegen, Y.; Adriaens, D.; Wolf, T.D.; Dhert, Ph.; Sorgeloos, P. (2007). Deformities in larval gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata): A qualitative and quantitative analysis using geometric morphometrics, in: Bossier, P. et al. (Ed.) Larvi 2005: Proceedings of the 4th Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium, Gent, Belgium, September 2005. Aquaculture, 268(1-4 Spec. Iss.): pp. 156-168, more
  • Belpaire, C.; Breine, J.; Buysse, D.; Van Wichelen, J.; Coeck, J.; Ovidio, M.; Matondo, B.N.; De Meyer, J.; Bouilliart, M.; Adriaens, D.; Verhelst, P.; Roland, K.; Kestemont, P.; Bervoets, L.; Darchambeau, F.; Rollin, X.; Vlietinck, K. (2015). Report on the eel stock and fishery in: Belgium 2014/'15. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: Copenhagen. 71 pp., more
  • Debusschere, E.; De Coensel, B.; Adriaens, D.; Bajek, A.; Botteldooren, D.; Hostens, K.; Vanaverbeke, J.; Vandendriessche, S.; Van Ginderdeuren, K.; Vincx, M.; Degraer, S. (2014). Impact of pile-driving of offshore monopile foundations on young sea bass, in: Mees, J. et al. (Ed.) Book of abstracts – VLIZ Young Scientists’ Day. Brugge, Belgium, 7 March 2014. VLIZ Special Publication, 67: pp. 42, more
  • Zanette, I.; Daghfous, G.; Weitkamp, T.; Gillet, B.; Adriaens, D.; Langer, M.; Cloetens, P.; Helfen, L.; Bravin, A.; Peyrin, F.; Baumbach, T.; Dischler, J.-M.; Van Loo, D.; Praet, T.; Poirier-Quinot, M.; Boistel, R. (2014). Looking inside marine organisms with magnetic resonance and X-ray imaging, in: Reynaud, E.G. (Ed.) Imaging marine life: macrophotography and microscopy approaches for marine biology. pp. 122-184, more
  • Leysen, H. (2011). Evolutionary morphology of the extremely specialized feeding apparatus in seahorses and pipefishes (Syngnathidae). PhD Thesis. Universiteit Gent: Gent. 2 volumes pp., more
  • Eagderi, S. (2010). Structural diversity in the cranial musculoskeletal system in Anguilliformes: an evolutionary-morphological study. PhD Thesis. Ghent University: Gent. 2 volumes pp., more
  • Schepper, N. (2007). Evolutionary morphology of body elongation in teleosts: aspects of convergent evolution. PhD Thesis. Universiteit Gent: Gent. 2 volumes pp., more

Projects (4)  Top | Persons | Publications 
  • Evolutionair-morfologische strategieën aan de basis van extreme bouwplannen: bouw van het voedselopname-apparaat bij Syngnathidae, more
  • Higher level evolutionary history of the catfishes (Siluriformes), inferred from molecular and morphological data, more
  • Marine@Ugent: UGent Marine Sciences Center of Excellence, more
  • UGent Aquaculture R&D Consortium, more

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