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Prof. Dr Billen, Gilles

Institute  Top | Institute | Publications | Projects | Datasets 
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; UMR7619 Structure et fonctionnement des systèmes hydriques continentaux (SISYPHE); Université Pierre et Marie Curie (CNRS), more
    Institutional address:
    Case 123 - Tour 26 - 5ème étage
    Place Jussieu 4
    75252 Paris Cedex 05
    Tel.: +33-(0)144-27 48 24
 

Projects (3)  Top | Institute | Publications | Projects | Datasets 
  • Global changes in the transport of nutriments from the continents to the ocean, more
  • Microbiological study of basic processes which govern the circulation of organic matter in the marine and estuary environments, more
  • Tracing and Integrated Modeling of Natural and Antropogenic Effects on Hydrosystems, more

Datasets (3)  Top | Institute | Publications | Projects | Datasets 
  • Nutrient fluxes and water quality of the drainage network of the Scheldt ( 50 years covering dataset), more
  • Projekt Zee - Scheldt estuary datasets 1970-1976, more
  • Projekt Zee - Scheldt estuary environmental data 1970-1976, more

Publications (112)  Top | Institute | Publications | Projects | Datasets 
    ( 51 peer reviewed ) split up
  • Billen, G. (1973). Tentative d'estimation de l'activité hétérotophe dans l'estuaire de l'Escaut par incorporation de HCO3- marqué à l'obsurité (Campagnes de janvier, octobre et novembre 1973). Technical Reports I.C.W.B. - C.I.P.S., 1973/BACT.13. Modèle Mathématique de la Pollution en Mer du Nord: Bruxelles. 4 + figures pp., more
  • Billen, G. (1973). Nitrification dans l'estuaire de l'Escaut. Denombrement des bactéries nitrifiantes (Campagnes de mai, juin et septembre 1973). Technical Reports I.C.W.B. - C.I.P.S., 1973/BACT.14. Modèle Mathématique de la Pollution en Mer du Nord: Bruxelles. [no pag.] pp., more
  • Billen, G. (1973). Nitrification dans l'estuaire de l'Escaut. Relation entre l'activité nitrifiante et le potential rédox (Campagnes d'avril, mai, juin, juillet et septembre 1973). Technical Reports I.C.W.B. - C.I.P.S., 1973/CHIM.02. Modèle Mathématique de la Pollution en Mer du Nord: Bruxelles. [no pag.] pp., more
  • Billen, G. (1973). Nitrification et denitrification dans l'estuaire de l'Escaut (Campagne du 30.1.1973 au 1.2.1973). Technical Reports I.C.W.B. - C.I.P.S., 1973/SCHELDT 00:CHIM.01. Modèle Mathématique de la Pollution en Mer du Nord: Bruxelles. 6 + figures pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G. (1975). Nitrification in the Scheldt Estuary (Belgium and the Netherlands). Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 3: 79-89, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G. (1976). Evaluation of nitrifying activity in sediments by dark 14C-bicarbonate incorporation. Wat. Res. 10(1): 51-57. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0043-1354(76)90157-3, more
  • Billen, G. (1977). L'activité microbiologique benthique: réflections sur la méthodologie de son étude, in: Elskens, I. et al. (Ed.) Studie en Beheer van het Mariene Systeem: 4de Colloquium E4-77, Louvain-la-Neuve, 18 juli-5 augustus 1977, vol. 2. pp. 72-98, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G. (1978). A budget of nitrogen recycling in North sea sediments off the Belgian coast. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 7(2): 127-146. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0302-3524(78)90070-1, more
  • Billen, G. (1978). La régulation de l'activité bactériènne hétérotrophe dans les milieux naturels. OM/1978 08. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 12 + tableaux + figures pp., more
  • Billen, G. (1978). The dependence of the various kinds of microbial metabolism on the redox state of the medium, in: Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) (Ed.) Biogeochemistry of estuarine sediments: Proceedings of a Unesco/SCOR Workshop held in Melreux, Belgium, 29 November to 3 December, 1976. pp. 254-261, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G. (1982). An idealized model of nitrogen recycling in marine sediments. Am. J. Sci. (1880) 282(4): 512-541. hdl.handle.net/10.2475/ajs.282.4.512, more
  • Billen, G. (1984). Heterotrophic utilization and regeneration of nitrogen, in: Hobbie, J.E. et al. (Ed.) Heterotrophic Activity in the Sea. Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Institute on Microbial Metabolism and the Cycling of Organic Matter in the Sea, November 1981, Cascais, Portugal. NATO Conference Series. IV. Marine Sciences, 15: pp. 313-355, more
  • Billen, G. (1988). Marine biology and geochemistry, in: Proceedings of the Belgian National Colloquium on Antarctic Research (Brussels, October 20, 1987). pp. 263-267, more
  • Billen, G. (1989). La floraison d'algues toxiques = De bloei van giftige algen, in: Studie- en Beleidsdag "De Noordzee: een zee voor het leven". Oostende 20 mei 1989. pp. 12 pp, more
  • Billen, G. (1994). Global change in nutrient transfer from land to sea: biogeochemical processes in river systems, in: Vanderborght, O. et al. (Ed.) IGBP and 'Global Change' related research in Belgium II. pp. 138-139, more
  • Billen, G.; Smitz, J.; Somville, M.; Wollast, R. (1976). Physico-chimie de l'estuaire: dégradation de la matière organique et processus d'oxydo-réduction dans l'estuaire de l'Escaut, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. et al. (Ed.) Projekt Zee eindverslag: 10. Het Schelde-estuarium. Projekt Zee eindverslag = Projet Mer rapport final, 10: pp. 102-152, more
  • Billen, G.; Elskens, I.; Smitz, J. (1976). Effet de la température dans les modèles chimiques et écologiques: impact des rejets thermiques, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. et al. (Ed.) Projekt Zee eindverslag: 10. Het Schelde-estuarium. Projekt Zee eindverslag = Projet Mer rapport final, 10: pp. 219-239, more
  • Billen, G.; Elskens, I.; Smitz, J. (1977). Effet de la température dans les modèles chimiques et écologiques: impact des rejets thermiques, in: Elskens, I. et al. (Ed.) Studie en Beheer van het Mariene Systeem: 4de Colloquium E4-77, Louvain-la-Neuve, 18 juli-5 augustus 1977, vol. 2. pp. 358-376, more
  • Billen, G.; Joiris, C.R.; Wijnant, J.; Gillain, G. (1978). Concentration and microbiological utilization of small organic molecules in the Scheldt estuary, the Belgian coastal zone of the North Sea and the English Channel, in: Actions de recherches concertées en océanographie: rapport d'activité 1978, II. pp. 34 + figures, more
  • Billen, G.; Putman, J.; Heise, A. (1978). Voies de dégradation de la matière organique dans l'estuaire de l'Escaut: rôle des fermentations, in: Actions de recherches concertées en océanographie: rapport d'activité 1978, I. pp. 1-21, more
  • Billen, G.; Bouquegneau, J.-M.; Joiris, C.; Verbeustel, S.; Putman, J.; Wijnant, J.; Pichot, G.; Heise, A. (1979). Groupe "matière organique", sous-groupe "microbiologie". Rapport de synthèse 1979. Synth. OM/1979:01. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 30 pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Joiris, C.R.; Wijnant, J.; Gillain, G. (1980). Concentration and microbiological utilization of small organic molecules in the Scheldt estuary, the Belgian coastal zone of the North Sea and the English Channel. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 11(3): 279-294. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/S0302-3524(80)80084-3, more
  • Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Servais, P.; Somville, M.; Vives-Rego, J. (1983). Etablissement d'un modèle prédictif de la qualité de l'eau de l'estuaire de l'Escaut. Etude réalisée pour le compte de l'Unité de Gestion du Modèle Mathématique de la Mer du Nord et de l'estuaire de l'Escaut. Rapport Final. Université Libre de Bruxelles: Bruxelles. , more
  • Billen, G.; Debecker, E.; Lancelot, C.; Mathot, S.; Servais, P.; Stainier, E. (1985). Etude des processus de transfert, d'immobilisation et de transformation de l'azote dans son cheminement depuis les sols agricoles jusqu'a la mer (CEC contract ENV-522-B (RS)). Rapport de Synthese. Université Libre de Bruxelles: Bruxelles. , more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Somville, M.; De Becker, E.; Servais, P. (1985). A nitrogen budget of the Scheldt hydrographical basin. Neth. J. Sea Res. 19(3-4): 223-230, more
  • Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Debecker, E.; Servais, P. (1986). The terrestrial-marine interface: modelling nitrogen transformations during its transfer through the Scheldt River system and its estuarine zone, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. (Ed.) Marine interfaces ecohydrodynamics: proceedings of the 17th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics. Elsevier Oceanography Series, 42: pp. 429-452. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0422-9894(08)71058-4, more
  • Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; De Becker, E.; Servais, P. (1988). Modelling microbial processes (phyto- and bacterioplankton) in the Schelde estuary, in: Hummel, H. et al. (Ed.) Hydrobiology and chemistry of the Schelde and Westerschelde: proceedings of the Schelde symposium (May 1987, Terneuzen, The Netherlands). pp. 43-55, more
  • Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Mathot, S. (1988). Ecophysiology of phyto- and bacterioplankton growth in the Prydz Bay area during the austral summer 1987: II. Bacterioplankton activity, in: Proceedings of the Belgian National Colloquium on Antarctic Research (Brussels, October 20, 1987). pp. 133-146, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Joiris, C.; Meyer-Reil, L.; Lindeboom, H. (1990). Role of bacteria in the North Sea ecosystem. Neth. J. Sea Res. 26(2-4): 265-293, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Ficht, A.; Cun, C. (2001). Modeling the response of water quality in the Seine River estuary to human activity in its watershed over the last 50 years. Estuaries 24(6, Part B): 977-993 . hdl.handle.net/10.2307/1353011, more
  • Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Rousseau, V. (2002). Upstream from the estuary: modelling processes in the drainage network of the Seine and Scheldt basin, in: ECSA Local Meeting: ecological structures and functions in the Scheldt Estuary: from past to future, Antwerp, Belgium October 7-10, 2002: abstract book. pp. 26, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Rousseau, V. (2005). Nutrient fluxes and water quality in the drainage network of the Scheldt basin over the last 50 years. Hydrobiologia 540(1-3): 46-67, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Rousseau, V. (2005). Nutrient fluxes and water quality in the drainage network of the Scheldt basin over the last 50 years, in: Meire, P. et al. (Ed.) Ecological structures and functions in the Scheldt Estuary: from past to future. Hydrobiologia, 540(1-3): pp. 47-67. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-004-7103-1, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Thieu, V.; Garnier, J.; Silvestre, M. (2009). Modelling the N cascade in regional watersheds: the case study of the Seine, Somme and Scheldt rivers. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 133(3-4): 234-246. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.agee.2009.04.018, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Becquevort, S. (1991). Phytoplankton-bacteria relationship in the Antarctic marine ecosystem. Pol. Res. 10(1): 245-253, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Fontigny, A. (1987). Dynamics of a Phaeocystis-dominated spring bloom in Belgian coastal waters: 2. Bacterioplankton dynamics. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 37: 249-257, more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Garnier, J. (2007). River basin nutrient delivery to the coastal sea: Assessing its potential to sustain new production of non-siliceous algae. Mar. Chem. 106(1-2): 148-160. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2006.12.017, more
  • Billen, G.; Joiris, C. (1978). Synthèse des recherches en microbiologie (période 1977-1978), in: Actions de recherches concertées en océanographie: rapport d'activité 1978, II. pp. 1-22, more
  • Billen, G.; Joiris, C.R. (1978). Groupe de travail matière organique. Compte rendu de la réunion du 27 avril 1978. OM/1978 12. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 8 pp., more
  • Billen, G.; Putman, J. (1978). Dosage des petits acides organiques dans l'eau de mer. OM/1978 04. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 8 pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Billen, G.; Putman, J. (1978). An approach for studying the pathways of organic matter degradation in aquatic ecosystems. Preliminary investigations on the distribution and utilization of lactate and acetate in marine, estuarine and sedimentary environments. Thalass. Jugosl. 14: 381-394, more
  • Billen, G.; Smitz, J. (1974). A mathematical model of microbial and chemical oxidation-reduction processes in the Scheldt estuary, in: Mathematical Model. Annual report: december 1974. IV. First part. pp. 69-85, more
  • Billen, G.; Smitz, J. (1975). A mathematical model of microbial and chemical oxidation-reduction processes in the Scheldt estuary, in: Mathematical models of continental seas. Complementary results on the dynamic processes in the Southern Bight of the North Sea. CM Documents - ICES, C.M. 1975(C:21): pp. 69-85, more
  • Billen, G.; Smitz, J. (1976). Thermal Pollution and Water Quality in an Industrial Estuary, in: Vansteenkiste, G.C. (Ed.) System Simulation in Water Resources. pp. 203-213, more
  • Billen, G.; Smitz, J. (1978). Mathematical model of water quality in a highly polluted estuary, in: Nihoul, J.C.J. Hydrodynamics of estuaries and fjords : proceedings of the 9th International Liège Colloquium on Ocean Hydrodynamics, 1977. Elsevier Oceanography Series, 23: pp. 55-62, more
  • Billen, G.; Somville, M. (1982). Carbon cycling in the Belgian coastal zone and adjacent areas. Part IV. Utilization of primary products by planktonic and benthic bacteria. CM Documents - ICES, C.M. 1982(L:35). ICES: Copenhagen. 91-117 pp., more
  • Billen, G.; Somville, M. (1982). Carbon cycling in the Belgian coastal zone and adjacent areas: utilization of primary products by planktonic and benthic bacteria, in: Heip, C.H.R. et al. (Ed.) Geconcerteerde Onderzoeksacties Interuniversitaire Actie Oceanologie: eindverslag 3. Biological processes and translocations = Actions de Recherche Concertées Action Interuniversitaire Océanologie: rapport final 3. Biological processes and translocations. pp. 175-198, more
  • Billen, G.; Vanderborcht, J.P. (1978). Evaluation of the exchange fluxes of materials between sediments and overlying waters from direct measurements of bacterial activity and mathematical analysis of vertical concentration profiles in interstitial waters, in: Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) (Ed.) Biogeochemistry of estuarine sediments: Proceedings of a Unesco/SCOR Workshop held in Melreux, Belgium, 29 November to 3 December, 1976. pp. 154-165, more
  • Billen, G.; Vanderborght, J.-P. (1973). Etude du comportement des nitrates dans les sédiments du bassin de chasse d'Ostende. Technical Reports I.C.W.B. - C.I.P.S., 1973/CHIM.01. Modèle Mathématique de la Pollution en Mer du Nord: Bruxelles. 6 + figures pp., more
  • Billen, G.; Verbeustel, S. (1978). Distribution et utilization du lactate et de l'acétate dans les sédiments, in: Actions de recherches concertées en océanographie: rapport d'activité 1978, II. pp. 8, more
  • Billen, G.; Verbeustel, S. (1978). Distribution of microbial metabolisms in natural environments displaying gradients of oxidation-reduction conditions, in: Actions de recherches concertées en océanographie: rapport d'activité 1978, II. pp. 5, more
  • Billen, G.; Verbeustel, S. (1980). Distribution of Microbial Metabolisms in Natural Environments displaying Gradients of Oxidation-Reduction Conditions, in: [s.d.] pp. 291-300, more
  • Billen, G.; Wollast, R. (1981). Cycle de la matiere organique et des elements biogenes dans les systemes marins cotiers, in: Studiedag kustwater-estuariumverontreiniging. , more
  • Bouquegneau, J.-M.; Billen, G.; Joiris, G.; Daro, M.-H.; Lancelot, C.; Hecq, J.H.; Bossicart, M.; Somville, M.; Mommaerts, J.-P.; Wijnant, J.; Wehren, J.C.; Bertels, A. (1982). Carbon cycling in the Belgian coastal zone and adjacent areas. Part I. General structure of the ecosystem. CM Documents - ICES, C.M. 1982(L:31). ICES: Copenhagen. 5-35 pp., more
  • Bouquegneau, J.-M.; Billen, G.; Joiris, C.; Daro, M.H.; Lancelot, C.; Hecq, J.H.; Bertels, A.; Bossicart, M.; Somville, M.; Mommaerts, J.-P.; Wijnant, J.; Wehren, J.C. (1982). Carbon cycling in the Belgian coastal zone and adjacent areas: general structure of the ecosystem, in: Heip, C.H.R. et al. (Ed.) Geconcerteerde Onderzoeksacties Interuniversitaire Actie Oceanologie: eindverslag 3. Biological processes and translocations = Actions de Recherche Concertées Action Interuniversitaire Océanologie: rapport final 3. Biological processes and translocations. pp. 99-125, more
  • Peer reviewed article Brion, N.; Billen, G.; Guézennec, J.; Ficht, A. (2000). Distribution of nitrifying activity in the Seine River (France) from Paris to the estuary. Estuaries 23(5): 669-682, more
  • Brion, N.; De Galan, S.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Middelburg, J. (2002). The nitrogen cycle in the Seine and Scheldt estuaries, in: ECSA Local Meeting: ecological structures and functions in the Scheldt Estuary: from past to future, Antwerp, Belgium October 7-10, 2002: abstract book. pp. 24, more
  • Peer reviewed article Brion, N.; Billen, G. (2000). Wastewater as a source of nitrifying bacteria in river systems: the case of the River Seine downstream from Paris. Wat. Res. 34(12): 3213-3221, more
  • Peer reviewed article De Becker, E.; Billen, G.; Servais, P. (1984). Evalution de la contamination des eaux de surface en nutriments (N, P, K) par drainage des sols agricoles en Belgique. Landbouwtijdschrift 37: 117-136, more
  • Desmit, X.; Thieu, V.; Dulière, V.; Campuzano, F.; Silvestre, M.; Garnier, J.; Sobrinho, J.; Pinto, L.; Gypens, N.; Lancelot, C.; Neves, R.; Ménesguen, A.; Billen, G.; Lacroix, G. (2016). Past, present and future eutrophication levels in the North East Atlantic, in: Degraer, S. et al. (Ed.) North Sea Open Science Conference 7-10/11/2016. Abstract Booklet. pp. 23, more
  • Peer reviewed article Duinker, J.C.; Wollast, R.; Billen, G. (1979). Behaviour of manganese in the Rhine and Scheldt Estuaries. II. Geochemical cycling. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 9: 727-738, more
  • Peer reviewed article Even, S.; Thouvenin, B.; Bacq, N.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Guezennec, L.; Blanc, S.; Ficht, A.; Le Hir, P. (2007). An integrated modelling approach to forecast the impact of human pressure in the Seine estuary. Hydrobiologia 588(1): 13-29. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-0649-y, more
  • Peer reviewed article Even, S.; Thouvenin, B.; Bacq, N.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Guezennec, L.; Blanc, S.; Ficht, A.; Le Hir, P. (2007). An integrated modelling approach to forecast the impact of human pressure in the Seine estuary, in: Lafite, R. et al. (Ed.) Consequences of estuarine management on hydrodynamics and ecological functioning: ECSA 38th Symposium - Rouen 2004 Co-organisation Seine-Aval Programme and ECSA. Hydrobiologia, 588: pp. 13-29, more
  • Peer reviewed article Garcia-Lara, J.; Menon, P.; Servais, P.; Billen, G. (1991). Mortality of fecal bacteria in seawater. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57(3): 885-888, more
  • Peer reviewed article Garnier, J.; Servais, P.; Billen, G.; Akopian, M.; Brion, N. (2001). Lower Seine river and estuary (France) carbon and oxygen budgets during low flow. Estuaries 24(6B): 964-976, more
  • Peer reviewed article Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Hannon, E.; Fonbonne, S.; Videnina, Y.; Soulie, M. (2002). Modelling the transfer and retention of nutrients in the drainage network of the Danube River. Est., Coast. and Shelf Sci. 54(3): 285-308. dx.doi.org/10.1006/ecss.2000.0648, more
  • Peer reviewed article Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Hannon, E.; Fonbonne, S.; Videnina, Y.; Soulie, M. (2002). Modelling the transfer and retention of nutrients in the drainage network of the Danube River, in: European River Ocean Systems (EROS-21): interactions between the Danube and the north-western Black Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 54(3): pp. 285-308, more
  • Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Passy, P.; Rousseau, V.; Lancelot, C. (2009). How to achieve sustainable water ecosystems management connecting research, people and policy makers in Europe (AWARE). Deliverable D 1.2: The North Sea-3S* case Study (* 3S for Seine, Somme, Scheldt watersheds). EU Joint Research Centre (JCR): Brussel. 34 pp., more
  • Garnier, J.; Passy, P.; Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Rousseau, V.; Gypens, N. (2010). How to achieve sustainable water ecosystems management connecting research, people and policy makers in Europe (AWARE). Deliverable D 2.2 North Sea case study content and process design report. EU Joint Research Centre (JCR): Brussel. 28 pp., more
  • Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Passy, P.; Riousset, P.; Rousseau, V.; Banescu, A.-M.; Gypens, N.; Lancelot, C.; Gleize, F.; Mathieu, Y. (2011). How to achieve sustainable water ecosystems management connecting research, people and policy makers in Europe (AWARE). Deliverable D 2.5: 3S-North Sea case study report: results of the local events, on-line survey and interviews. EU Joint Research Centre (JCR): Brussel. 108 pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Cébron, A. (2007). Modelling nitrogen transformations in the lower Seine river and estuary (France): Impact of wastewater release on oxygenation and N2O emission. Hydrobiologia 588(1): 291-302. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-0670-1, more
  • Peer reviewed article Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Cébron, A. (2007). Modelling nitrogen transformations in the lower Seine river and estuary (France): Impact of wastewater release on oxygenation and N2O emission, in: Lafite, R. et al. (Ed.) Consequences of estuarine management on hydrodynamics and ecological functioning: ECSA 38th Symposium - Rouen 2004 Co-organisation Seine-Aval Programme and ECSA. Hydrobiologia, 588: pp. 291-302, more
  • Howarth, R.W.; Jaworski, N.; Swaney, D.P.; Townsend, A.; Billen, G. (2000). Some approaches for assessing human influences on fluxes of nitrogen and organic carbon to estuaries, in: Hobbie, J.E. (Ed.) Estuarine science: a synthetic approach to research and practice. pp. 17-41, more
  • Joiris, C.; Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Mommaerts, J.-P.; Daro, M.H.; Bossicart, M.; Gillain, G.; Bertels, A.; Hecq, J.H.; Wijnant, J. (1979). Dynamics of organic matter in three planktonic ecosystems of the southern North Sea: report of the workgroup "Organic Matter", 1977-1978, in: Geconcerteerde Onderzoeksacties Interuniversitaire Actie Oceanologie: verslag van de studiedagen = Actions de Recherche Concertées Action Interuniversitaire Océanologie: rapports des journées d'études. pp. 165-184, more
  • Joiris, C.; Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Mommaerts, J.P.; Daro, M.H.; Bossicart, M.; Gillain, G.; Bertels, A.; Hecq, J.H.; Wijnant, J. (1979). Dynamics of organic matter in three planktonic ecosystems of the southern North Sea. Report of the workgroup "Organic Matter", 1977-1978. CM Documents - ICES, C.M. 1979(L:33). International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: Copenhagen. 165-184 pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Joiris, C.R.; Billen, G.; Lancelot, MH.; Daro, M.H.; Mommaerts, J.-P.; Bertels, A.; Bossicart, M.; Nijs, J.; Hecq, J.H. (1982). A budget of carbon cycling in the Belgian coastal zone: relative roles of zooplankton, bacterioplankton and benthos in the utilization of primary production. Neth. J. Sea Res. 16: 260-275. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0077-7579(82)90035-7, more
  • Lacroix, G.; Desmit, X.; Dulière, V.; Gypens, N.; Lancelot, C.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Thieu, V.; Silvestre, M.; Passy, P.; Lassaletta, L.; Guittard, G.; Théry, S.; Ménesguen, A.; Thouvenin, B.; Dussauze, M.; Mateus, M.; Neves, R.; Sobrinho, J.; Ascione Kenov, I.; Garcia, C.; Lenhart, H.; Los, H.; Troost, T.; van der Molen, J. (2014). Ecosystem models as support to eutrophication management in the North Atlantic Ocean (EMoSEM). Poster at the VLIZ Young Scientist's Day 7 March 2014. Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences: Brussels. 1 poster pp., more
  • Lancelot, C.; Daro, M.H.; Bouquegneau, J.-M.; Billen, G.; Joiris, C.; Bossicart, M.; Bertels, A.; Verbeustel, S.; Nys, J.; Nihoul, C.; Putman, J.; Wynant, J.; Heise, A.; Goeyens, L. (1980). Ecometabolism of the coastal area of the Southern Bight of the North Sea. Report of the workgroup "Organic Matter" (1979). CM Documents - ICES, C.M. 1980(L:22). International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: Copenhagen. 109-130 pp., more
  • Lancelot, C.; Daro, M.H.; Bouquegneau, J.-M.; Billen, G.; Joiris, C.; Bossicart, M.; Bertels, A.; Verbeustel, S.; Nys, J.; Nihoul, C.; Putman, J.; Wynant, J.; Heise, A.; Goeyens, L. (1980). Ecometabolism of the coastal area of the Southern Bight of the North Sea: report of the workgroup "Organic Matter" (1979), in: Geconcerteerde Onderzoeksacties Interuniversitaire Actie Oceanologie: verslag van de studiedagen = Actions de Recherche Concertées Action Interuniversitaire Océanologie: rapports des journées d'études. pp. 109-130, more
  • Peer reviewed article Lancelot, C.; Billen, G.; Sournia, A.; Weisse, T.; Colijn, F.; Veldhuis, M.J.W.; Davies, A.; Wassmann, P. (1987). Phaeocystis blooms and nutrient enrichment in the continental coastal zones of the North Sea. Ambio 16(1): 38-46, more
  • Lancelot, C.; Billen, G.; Mathot, S. (1988). Ecophysiology of phyto- and bacterioplankton growth in the Prydz Bay area during the austral summer 1987: I. Modelling phytoplankton growth, in: Proceedings of the Belgian National Colloquium on Antarctic Research (Brussels, October 20, 1987). pp. 115-132, more
  • Lancelot, C.; Mathot, S.; Becquevort, S.; Dandois, J.-M.; Billen, G. (1993). Carbon and nitrogen cycling through the microbial network of the marginal ice zone of the Southern Ocean with particular emphasis on the northwestern Weddell Sea, in: Caschetto, S. (Ed.) Belgian scientific research programme on Antarctica: scientific results of phase II (10/1988-05/1992): 1. Plankton ecology and marine biogeochemistry. pp. II/05/1-110, more
  • Peer reviewed article Lancelot, C.; Spitz, Y.; Gypens, N.; Ruddick, K.G.; Becquevort, S.; Rousseau, V.; Lacroix, G.; Billen, G. (2005). Modelling diatom and Phaeocystis blooms and nutrient cycles in the Southern Bight of the North Sea: The MIRO model. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 289: 63-78. dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps289063, more
  • Peer reviewed article Lancelot, C.; Gypens, N.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Roubeix, V. (2007). Testing an integrated river-ocean mathematical tool for linking marine eutrophication to land use: The Phaeocystis-dominated Belgian coastal zone (Southern North Sea) over the past 50 years. J. Mar. Syst. 64(1-4): 216-228. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2006.03.010, more
  • Peer reviewed article Lancelot, C.; Thieu, V.; Polard, A.; Garnier, J.; Billen, G.; Hecq, W.; Gypens, N. (2011). Cost assessment and ecological effectiveness of nutrient reduction options for mitigating Phaeocystis colony blooms in the Southern North Sea: An integrated modeling approach. Sci. Total Environ. 409(11): 2179-2191. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.02.023, more
  • Peer reviewed article Lancelot, C.; Billen, G. (1984). Activity of heterotrophic bacteria and its coupling to primary production during the spring phytoplankton bloom in the Southern Bight of the North Sea. Limnol. Oceanogr. 29(4): 721-730, more
  • Lancelot, Ch.; Billen, G.; Mathot, S. (1989). Ecophysiology of phyto- and bacterioplankton growth in the Southern Ocean, in: Caschetto, S. (Ed.) Belgian scientific research programme on Antarctica: scientific results of phase I (10/1985-01/1989): 1. Plankton ecology. pp. 05/1-97, more
  • Mariotti, A.; Billen, G.; Lancelot, C.; Wollast, R. (1978). Importance relative de l'apport de matière organique d'origine marine et terrigène dans les vases de la zone côtière belge: utilisation de 15N comme indicateur, in: Actions de recherches concertées en océanographie: rapport d'activité 1978, I. pp. 1-13, more
  • Peer reviewed article Mariotti, A.; Lancelot, C.; Billen, G. (1984). Natural isotopic composition of nitrogen as a tracer of origin for suspended organic matter in the Scheldt estuary. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 48(3): 549-555. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0016-7037(84)90283-7, more
  • Mommaerts, J.-P.; Daro, M.H.; Joiris, C.; Billen, G. (1978). Energietransferten in de Spuikom: synthese van de werkzaamheden van 1972 tot 1977. IZWO Mededelingen en Informatie 8(Spec. Vol. FKFO-report 1977): 1-19, more
  • Peer reviewed article Ouattara, N.K.; de Brauwere, A.; Billen, G.; Servais, P. (2013). Modelling faecal contamination in the Scheldt drainage network. J. Mar. Syst. 128: 77-88. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.05.004, more
  • Putman, J.; Billen, G. (1978). Mesure de l'utilisation de substrats organiques par les communautés microbiologiques des eaux naturelles. OM/1978 10. [S.n.]: [s.l.]. 5 pp., more
  • Peer reviewed article Romero, E.; Garnier, J.; Lassaletta, L.; Billen, G.; Le Gendre, R.; Riou, P.; Cugier, P. (2013). Large-scale patterns of river inputs in southwestern Europe: seasonal and interannual variations and potential eutrophication effects at the coastal zone. Biogeochemistry 113(1): 481-505. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10533-012-9778-0, more
  • Peer reviewed article Seitzinger, S.P.; Mayorga, E.; Bouwman, A.F.; Kroeze, C.; Beusen, A.H. W.; Billen, G.; Van Drecht, G.; Dumont, E.; Fekete, B.M.; Garnier, J.; Harrison, J.A. (2010). Global river nutrient export: A scenario analysis of past and future trends. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24(GB0A08): 16 pp. dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003587, more
  • Peer reviewed article Servais, P.; Billen, G.; Vives-Rego, J. (1985). Rate of bacterial mortality in aquatic environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 49(6): 1448-1454, more
  • Peer reviewed article Servais, P.; Garnier, J.; Demarteau, N.; Brion, N.; Billen, G. (1999). Supply of organic matter and bacteria to aquatic ecosystems through waste water effluents. Wat. Res. 33(16): 3521-3531, more
  • Servais, P.; Becquevort, S.; Billen, G. (1989). Dynamics of bacterioplankton in the North Sea, in: Pichot, G. (Ed.) Progress in Belgian Oceanographic Research 1989: proceedings of the North Sea Symposium held in Ghent, 14 February 1989. pp. 263-282, more
  • Peer reviewed article Somville, M.; Billen, G.; Smitz, J. (1982). An ecophysiological model of nitrification in the Scheldt Estuary. Math. Model. 3(6): 523-533. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0270-0255(82)90031-8, more
  • Peer reviewed article Somville, M.; Billen, G. (1983). A method for determining exoproteolytic activity in natural waters. Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(1): 190-193. hdl.handle.net/10.4319/lo.1983.28.1.0190, more
  • Peer reviewed article Thieu, V.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J. (2009). Nutrient transfer in three contrasting NW European watersheds: The Seine, Somme, and Scheldt Rivers. A comparative application of the Seneque/Riverstrahler model. Wat. Res. 43(6): 1740-1754. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.watres.2009.01.014, more
  • Peer reviewed article Thieu, V.; Garnier, J.; Billen, G. (2010). Assessing the effect of nutrient mitigation measures in the watersheds of the Southern Bight of the North Sea. Sci. Total Environ. 408(6): 1245-1255. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.12.031, more
  • Peer reviewed article Thieu, V.; Mayorga, E.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J. (2010). Subregional and downscaled global scenarios of nutrient transfer in river basins: Seine-Somme-Scheldt case study. Global Biogeochem. Cycles 24(GB0A10): 15 pp. dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003561, more
  • Peer reviewed article Thieu, V.; Billen, G.; Garnier, J.; Benoit, M. (2011). Nitrogen cycling in a hypothetical scenario of generalised organic agriculture in the Seine, Somme and Scheldt watersheds. Reg. environ. Change 11(2): 359-370. hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10113-010-0142-4, more
  • Peer reviewed article Thingstad, F.; Billen, G. (1994). Microbial degradation of Phaeocystis material in the water column. J. Mar. Syst. 5(1): 55-65, more
  • Van Damme, S.; Billen, G.; Cox, T.; Van den Bergh, E.; Ysebaert, T.J.; Jacobs, S.; Maes, J.; Maris, T.; Meire, P. (2010). Using carrying capacity compensation scenarios to quantify ecological conservation objectives for mudflats: a general approach applied on the Zeeschelde (Scheldt estuary, Belgium), in: Van Damme, S. Water quality and the estuarine environment: Spatio temporal patterns and opportunities for restoration with emphasis on nitrogen removal = Waterkwaliteit en het estuarien milieu: Spatio-temporele patronen en mogelijkheden tot herstel met speciale aandacht voor stikstofverwijdering. pp. 137-159, more
  • Peer reviewed article Vanderborght, J.; Wollast, R.; Billen, G. (1977). Kinetic models of diagenesis in disturbed sediments Part 2. Nitrogen diagenesis. Limnol. Oceanogr. 22(5): 794-803, more
  • Peer reviewed article Vanderborght, J.; Wollast, R.; Billen, G. (1977). Kinetic models of diagenesis in disturbed sediments. Part 1. Mass transfer properties and silica diagenesis. Limnol. Oceanogr. 22(5): 787-793, more
  • Vanderborght, J.-P.; Wollast, R.; Billen, G. (1974). Mass transfer in disturbed sediments, in: Mathematical Model. Annual report: december 1974. IV. First part. pp. 109-137, more
  • Vanderborght, J.-P.; Wollast, R.; Billen, G. (1975). Mass transfer in disturbed sediments, in: Mathematical models of continental seas. Complementary results on the dynamic processes in the Southern Bight of the North Sea. CM Documents - ICES, C.M. 1975(C:21): pp. 109-158, more
  • Peer reviewed article Vanderborght, J.P.; Billen, G. (1975). Vertical distribution of nitrate concentration in interstitial water of marine sediments with nitrification and denitrification. Limnol. Oceanogr. 20(6): 953-961, more
  • Peer reviewed article Vives-Rego, J.; Billen, G.; Fontigny, A.; Somville, M. (1985). Free and proteolytic activity in water environments. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 21: 245-249, more
  • Peer reviewed article Wollast, R.; Billen, G.; Duinker, J.C. (1979). Behaviour of Manganese in the Rhine and Scheldt estuaries. I. Physico-chemical aspects. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 9: 161-169, more

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