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Evaluation of climate change impacts and adaptation responses for marine activities
www.belspo.be/belspo/fedra/proj.asp?l=en&COD=SD/NS/01A

More:  Institutes | Publications 
Dutch title: Evaluatie van de impact van globale klimaatsveranderingen en aanpassingsmaatregelen voor mariene activiteiten
Parent project: Science for a Sustainable Development, more
Reference no: SD/NS/01A
Acronym: CLIMAR
Period: December 2006 till February 2011
Status: Completed

Thesaurus terms: Climate change; Coastal zone; Floods; Modelling; Risks
Geographical term: ANE, Belgium, Belgian Coast [Marine Regions]

Institutes (6)  Top | Publications 
  • Vlaamse overheid; Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij; Instituut voor Landbouw- en Visserijonderzoek; Kenniseenheid: Dier; Onderzoeksdomein Visserij, more, partner
  • Belgian Science Policy (BELSPO), more, sponsor
  • Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen; Operationele Directie Natuurlijk Milieu; Beheerseenheid Mathematisch Model Noordzee en Schelde-estuarium (BMM), more, sponsor
  • ARCADIS; ARCADIS Belgium nv; Ecolas, more, partner
  • Universiteit Gent; Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid; Vakgroep Internationaal Publiekrecht; Maritiem Instituut, more, partner
  • Vlaamse overheid; Beleidsdomein Mobiliteit en Openbare Werken; Vlaams Ministerie Mobiliteit en Openbare Werken; Departement Mobiliteit en Openbare Werken; Waterbouwkundig Laboratorium (WL), more, partner

Abstract:
Context

Based on the recommendations of the IPCC, Kyoto-Protocol and relevant national strategic documents, scientific research is needed to assess the impact of climate change, specifically on the vulnerable marine ecosystem and its users. While preventive source measures such as cutting greenhouse gas emissions are necessary to tackle the problem at long term, meanwhile adaptive measures are necessary to cope with the primary and secondary impacts of climate change in the North Sea. Furthermore, instruments are needed that can evaluate the adaptation measures on their sustainability, their impact on marine activities and their relation with preventive measures and sectoral policies.


Project description

Project objectives & Methodology

The main object of the project is the elaboration of an evaluation framework for adaptation scenario’s/measures as a response to climate induced impacts, and this for the total North Sea environment (e.g. ecological, social and economical).

Research and modelling will be carried out to differentiate the primary impacts of climate change from the natural evolution at the North Sea scale. These primary impacts include sea level rise, increased storminess, possible increased rainfall, erosion, temperature changes, salinity, etc.

Then secondary impacts of climate change both on the ecological system of the North Sea as well as on social-economic activities (fisheries, transport & harbour, dredging, risk for flooding, wind energy, etc.) will be assessed. Two extensive case-studies (coastal flooding, fisheries sector) have high extrapolation potential towards the global North Sea environment. Adaptive measures will be formulated both for the ecosystem as well as for the other marine activities.

Based on in-depth application for the two above mentioned case-studies, an evaluation tool will be developed to assess the impact of these measures according to the principles of sustainable development. This evaluation framework will be developed to assess the value of the scenarios for each specific marine sector. The evaluation tool scores both economical, ecological and social merits and drawbacks of the adaptation strategy. Hence the adaptation strategies have to undergo a sustainability test. Adaptation measures against climate change are rarely “stand-alone” environmental measures and therefore the involvement of several other policy sectors on different levels is often required. Hence the adaptive measures will be confronted with the global policy and legal picture (adaptive versus preventive climate change measures, adaptive measures versus sectoral policy plans, etc.). As for many measures related to sustainable development, the success of the implementation of adaptive strategies will depend on the understanding by the civil society and private organizations of the importance of these strategies, establishing the need to take this aspect into account during the study from the beginning.

Based on both case studies on the one hand and the parallel integrated assessment and policy & legal evaluation on the other hand, recommendations will be formulated towards North Sea future policy and its different socio-economical activities. It is clear that this project will provide a valuable output for climate change policy for the North Sea. This output will consist both of practical tools (modelling, assessment) as well as quantified results and applications.


Interaction between the different partners

A close co-operation between the different partners will be necessary, although a clear division of tasks is apparent.

MUMM will be responsible for the determination of the primary impacts, the determination of the increased sea-level rise and storminess and its effects on the hydrodynamic climate, the erosion/sedimentation patterns, the temperature and salinity. Starting from these results, ECOLAS will be working on the determination of the s

Publications (10)  Top | Institutes 
  • Van den Eynde, D.; De Sutter, R.; Maes, F.; Ozer, J.; Polet, H.; Ponsar, S.; Van der Biest, K.; Vanderperren, E.; Verwaest, T.; Volckaert, A.M. (2008). CLIMAR - Evaluatie van de impacts van klimaatverandering en aanpassingsmaatregelen voor mariene activiteiten, in: (2008). Congres Water en Klimaatverandering, 14 en 15 oktober 2008: abstracts van lezingen en posters = Conférence eau et changement climatique 14 et 15 octobre 2008: résumés des présentations et des posters. pp. 28-29, more
  • Van den Eynde, D.; De Sutter, R.; Maes, F.; Ozer, J.; Polet, H.; Ponsar, S.; Van der Biest, K.; Vanderperren, E.; Verwaest, T.; Volckaert, A.M. (2008). CLIMAR - Evaluation des effets du changement climatique et mesures d'adaptation pour les activités marines, in: (2008). Congres Water en Klimaatverandering, 14 en 15 oktober 2008: abstracts van lezingen en posters = Conférence eau et changement climatique 14 et 15 octobre 2008: résumés des présentations et des posters. pp. 29-30, more
  • Van der Biest, K.; Verwaest, T.; Reyns, J. (2008). CLIMAR - Evaluation of climate change impacts on flood risks in the Belgian coastal zone: case study "Coastal Flooding" [POSTER]. Flanders Hydraulics Research: Antwerpen. 1 poster pp., more
  • Vanderperren, E.; Polet, H. (2009). CLIMAR Evaluation of climate change impacts and adaptation responses for marine activities. Subdocument Belgian fisheries: sector analysis. Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research (ILVO). Animal Sciences Unit - Fisheries: Ostend. 44 pp., more
  • Van der Biest, K.; Verwaest, T.; Mostaert, F. (2009). CLIMAR. Section report 3: adaptation measures to climate change impacts along the Belgian coastline. Version 2.0. WL Rapporten, 814_01. Flanders Hydraulics Research: Antwerp. III, 20 + 8 p. appendices pp., more
  • Van der Biest, K.; Verwaest, T.; Reyns, J.; Mostaert, F. (2009). CLIMAR: deelrapport 2. Kwantificatie van de secundaire gevolgen van de klimaatsverandering in de Belgische kustvlakte. Versie 2.0. WL Rapporten, 814_01. Waterbouwkundig Laboratorium: Antwerpen. IV, 46 + 22 p. appendices pp., more
  • Van der Biest, K.; Verwaest, T.; Vanneuville, W.; Reyns, J.; Mostaert, F. (2008). CLIMAR: evaluation of climate change impacts and adaptation responses for marine activities. Subdocument coastal flooding. Version 2.0. WL Rapporten, 814_01. Flanders Hydraulics Research: Antwerp. vi, 64 pp., more
  • Van der Biest, K.; Verwaest, T.; Reyns, J. (2008). Evaluation des effets des changements climatiques sur les risques d'inondation du littoral belge, in: (2008). Congres Water en Klimaatverandering, 14 en 15 oktober 2008: abstracts van lezingen en posters = Conférence eau et changement climatique 14 et 15 octobre 2008: résumés des présentations et des posters. pp. 32, more
  • Van den Eynde, D.; De Sutter, R.; De Smet, L.; Francken, F.; Haelters, J.; Maes, F.; Malfait, E.; Ozer, J.; Polet, H.; Ponsar, S.; Reyns, J.; Van der Biest, K.; Vanderperren, E.; Verwaest, T.; Volckaert, A.; Willekens, M. (2011). Evaluation of climate change impacts and adaptation responses for marine activities CLIMAR: final report. Belgian Science Policy Office: Brussels. 121 pp., more
  • Van der Biest, K.; Verwaest, T.; Reyns, J. (2008). Evalueren van de gevolgen van klimaatsveranderingen op overstromingsrisico's langs de Belgische kust, in: (2008). Congres Water en Klimaatverandering, 14 en 15 oktober 2008: abstracts van lezingen en posters = Conférence eau et changement climatique 14 et 15 octobre 2008: résumés des présentations et des posters. pp. 31, more

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