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Growth, oxygen consumption, ammonia-N excretion, biochemical composition and energy content of Farfantepenaeus paulensis Perez-Farfante (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) early postlarvae in different salinities
Lemos, D.; Phan, V.N.; Alvarez, G. (2001). Growth, oxygen consumption, ammonia-N excretion, biochemical composition and energy content of Farfantepenaeus paulensis Perez-Farfante (Crustacea, Decapoda, Penaeidae) early postlarvae in different salinities. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 261(1): 55-74
In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Elsevier: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; Lausanne; Shannon; Amsterdam. ISSN 0022-0981, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keyword
    Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Lemos, D.
  • Phan, V.N.
  • Alvarez, G.

Abstract
    Physiological responses of early postlarval shrimp Farfantepenaeus paulensis to different salinities were evaluated. Growth, net growth efficiency (K sub(2)), oxygen consumption, ammonia-N excretion, protein, lipid, carbohydrate, ash and energy content were determined in postlarval stages PL VI-VII and PL XIII-XV at 5ppt, 15ppt, 25ppt and 34ppt. PL VI-VII and PL XIII-XV correspond, in the wild, to the penetration of postlarvae into estuarine zones and the adoption of benthic habits, respectively. Postlarvae were gradually acclimated to the various salinity levels in the stage PL VI-VII and were maintained there until reaching the stage PL XIII-XV. Although development time was not affected by salinity, growth was decreased at 34ppt. Oxygen consumption was less affected by salinity while ammonia-N excretion presented a negative correlation with salinity. In both stages, protein content was lower at 34ppt. In PL VI-VII, lipid was decreased at 5ppt, while no significant difference in lipid content was observed in PL XIII-XV. Carbohydrate and ash levels did not vary in function of salinity levels. Energy content was reduced in PL XIII-XV at 34ppt. Net growth efficiency (K sub(2)) between PL VI-VII and PL XIII-XV presented higher values at 15ppt and 25ppt, and the lowest at 34ppt. Enhanced energy expenditure due to osmoregulation was not detected as denoted by oxygen consumption rates. Nitrogen metabolism seems to play a key role in maintaining body fluids concentration in relation to medium salinity. It is concluded that the high degree of euryhalinity in these stages of F. paulensis may be an adaptation to ontogenetic events such as migration to estuarine areas. For aquaculture purposes, it is recommended to maintain these postlarval stages at salinities between 15ppt and 25ppt rather than 34ppt.

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