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Energetic demands of larval krill, Euphausia superba, in winter
Frazer, T.K.; Quetin, L.B.; Ross, R.M. (2002). Energetic demands of larval krill, Euphausia superba, in winter. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 277(2): 157-171
In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. Elsevier: New York. ISSN 0022-0981, more
Peer reviewed article  

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  • Frazer, T.K.
  • Quetin, L.B.
  • Ross, R.M.

    Metabolic rates of larval and juvenile krill, Euphausia superba, were measured on board ship during three winter cruises west of the Antarctic Peninsula (June-July 1987, June 1993, and June 1994), and also under different temperature regimes and feeding conditions during long-term maintenance in the laboratory (Palmer Station, winter 1993). A mean oxygen consumption and nitrogen excretion ratio of 31.1 measured on board ship at ambient ocean temperatures suggested that larval and juvenile krill from ice-covered waters were primarily herbivorous. Results from both shipboard and laboratory experiments demonstrated that oxygen consumption increased with temperature, but that larvae subjected to acute temperature increases exhibited higher rates. Experiments conducted at near ambient water temperatures for winter were also conducted to test the effect of habitat on the energy requirements of larval and juvenile krill. A comparison of the field and laboratory studies conducted at −1.5 to −1.8 °C showed that larvae from ice-covered waters and fed larvae in the laboratory had oxygen consumption rates significantly higher than those of larvae collected from open, i.e. ice-free, water and those starved in the laboratory. Results of the comparison lend support to the concept that in winter, larval and juvenile krill are better fed in ice-covered waters than in open water, and to the hypothesis that ice biota in the pack ice are an important food resource in winter for larval and juvenile krill.

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