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The response of two estuarine benthic communities to the quantity and quality of food
Kendall, M.A.; Davey, J.T.; Widdicombe, S. (1995). The response of two estuarine benthic communities to the quantity and quality of food, in: Heip, C.H.R. et al. (Ed.) Major biological processes in European tidal estuaries. Developments in Hydrobiology, 110: pp. 207-214
In: Heip, C.H.R.; Herman, P.M.J. (Ed.) (1995). Major biological processes in European tidal estuaries. Reprinted from Hydrobiologia, vol. 311(1-3). Developments in Hydrobiology, 110. Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 0-7923-3699-2. VII, 266 pp., more
In: Dumont, H.J. (Ed.) Developments in Hydrobiology. Kluwer Academic/Springer: The Hague; London; Boston; Dordrecht. ISSN 0167-8418, more

Also published as
  • Kendall, M.A.; Davey, J.T.; Widdicombe, S. (1995). The response of two estuarine benthic communities to the quantity and quality of food. Hydrobiologia 311(1-3): 207-214, more

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 141153 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Aquatic communities; Carbon cycle; Comparative studies; Estuaries; Feeding behaviour; Food availability; Food organisms; Population dynamics; Trophic relationships; Zoobenthos; ANE, France, Gironde Estuary [Marine Regions]; ANE, Netherlands, Westerschelde [Marine Regions]; Marine; Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Kendall, M.A., more
  • Davey, J.T.
  • Widdicombe, S., more

Abstract
    Experimental manipulations of food supply were performed on soft sediment cores from two European estuaries, the Westerscheldt and the Gironde, with a view to determining benthic macrofaunal community response. Over a period of twenty weeks in a laboratory mesocosm system, both communities showed losses in terms of numbers of individuals and small, but non-significant, losses in terms of numbers of species. Whereas no effect of the different types of foods or the dose levels at which they were supplied was detected for the Westerscheldt benthic community, that of the Gironde showed some significant response. This was largely attributed to the differential mortality of spionid polychaetes across the dose levels used, with the highest dose, equivalent to 200 g C m–2 yr–1, only just maintaining their initial population densities. The results are discussed in terms of the importance of lateral advection of food particles at the benthic boundary layer and the general insufficiency of many estimates of carbon input to shallow benthic systems.

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