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Genetic evidence for cryptic speciation in allopatric populations of two cosmopolitan species of the calcareous sponge genus Clathrina
Solé-Cava, A.M.; Klautau, M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Borejecic, R.; Thorpe, J.P. (1991). Genetic evidence for cryptic speciation in allopatric populations of two cosmopolitan species of the calcareous sponge genus Clathrina. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 111(3): 381-386
In: Marine Biology. Springer: Heidelberg; Berlin. ISSN 0025-3162, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Allopatric populations; Chemotaxonomy; Cosmopolite species; Electrophoresis; New species; Clathrina cerebrum (Haeckel, 1872) [WoRMS]; ASW, Brazil [Marine Regions]; MED, France [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Solé-Cava, A.M.
  • Klautau, M.
  • Boury-Esnault, N., more
  • Borejecic, R.
  • Thorpe, J.P.

Abstract
    Many sponge species are considered to be cosmopolitan. However, the systematics of marine sponges are very difficult because of the paucity of taxonomically useful characters, and hence the apparently cosmopolitan nature of many species may be simply a consequence of this. In this paper, geographically distant populations of two pairs of cosmopolitan calcareous sponges of the genus Clathrina were compared genetically. C. clathrus and C. cerebrum were collected by SCUBA diving between January and March 1989 from two localities: the Mediterranean Sea at La Vesse, near Marseille, Frances, at 9 to 12 m depth, and from the South West Atlantic at Arraial do Cabo, about 200 km east of Rio de Janeiro, at 2 to 10 m depth. Very high levels of gene divergence were found between the allegedly conspecific populations. The levels of genetic identity, I, observed are so low (I = 0.128 and 0.287) that the populations clearly cannot be considered conspecific.

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