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Effect of immersion time of cultch on spatfall of the scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck 1819) in the Marine Reserve at La Riconada, Antofagasta, Chile
Avendaño Díaz, M.; Cantillánez Silva, M.; Peña Forner, J. (2006). Effect of immersion time of cultch on spatfall of the scallop Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck 1819) in the Marine Reserve at La Riconada, Antofagasta, Chile. Aquacult. Int. 14(3): 267-283. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-005-9033-y
In: Aquaculture International. Springer: London. ISSN 0967-6120, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Argopecten purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819) [WoRMS]; ISE, Chile, Antofagasta; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Avendaño Díaz, M.
  • Cantillánez Silva, M.
  • Peña Forner, J.

Abstract
    A pilot program to evaluate the feasibility of collecting juvenile (seed) scallops using Japanese technology was carried out from October 2001 to April 2002 in the Marine Reserve at La Rinconada, Antofagasta, Chile. The continuous presence of larvae in waters in the reserve allowed for collection of 400–15,340 spat per collector and showed the high reproductive capability of local scallops and the relationship between numbers of larvae in the water and amount of spatfall. Highest rates of settlement were proportional to high numbers of umbone larvae in the water at >5000 larvae m−3 when collectors were first immersed. Absence of a relationship between larval numbers and postlarval settlement with trophic factors such as chlorophyll and particulate organic matter in the water suggests that productivity was not limited by these factors. Harvest of spat from collectors immersed for four and five months had recovery efficiencies of 5.5% and 59.4% compared with settlement in collectors after immersion for one month. Cohort analyses of recovered spat suggested that settlement occurred over the lengthy immersion period and was due to the continuous presence of larvae in the water. The loss of a high percentage of spat over the 4–5 immersion period compared with settlement in the first month can be attributed to intraspecific competition of spat density and growth as well as clogging of the collectors by sediment and marine fouling that impeded a flow of water through the nets.

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