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Osmoregulation and sodium balance in Crangon vulgaris (Fabricius) (Crustacea, Natantia) in varying salinities
Hagerman, L. (1971). Osmoregulation and sodium balance in Crangon vulgaris (Fabricius) (Crustacea, Natantia) in varying salinities. Ophelia 9(1): 21-30
In: Ophelia: International Journal of Marine Biology. Ophelia Publications: Helsingør. ISSN 0078-5326, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Osmoregulation; Salinity; Sodium; Crangon vulgaris Fabricius, 1798 [WoRMS]; Crustacea [WoRMS]; Marine; Brackish water

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  • Hagerman, L., more

Abstract
    Specimens of the decapod crustacean Crangon vulgaris from the phi resund were found to be hyperosmotic in salinities < 25ppt and hypo-osmotic above this salinity. The hyperosmoticity is larger and the hypo-osmoticity smaller than earlier reported for Crangon from the North Sea. This feature is considered an adaptation to the lower salinity prevailing in Baltic waters. Sodium is maintained more concentrated to the medium up to 400 mEq/l and less concentrated in media above this value. The ability to keep its haemolymph conc so independent of the outer medium is made easier by a low surface permeability. Crangon adapts its haemolymph sodium to a changed outer medium already after 3-5 hrs. When the animals were transferred to a higher salinity the sodium conc in the haemolymph initially rises and decreases again after similar to 2 hr; when transferred to a lower salinity the sodium conc decreases steadily till a new steady state is achieved.

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