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Environmental management of coastal dunes in the Netherlands
van der Maarel, E. (1979). Environmental management of coastal dunes in the Netherlands, in: Jefferies, R.L. et al. (Ed.) Ecological processes in coastal environments: The 1st European Ecological Symposium and 19th Symposium of the British Ecological Society, Norwich, 12-16 September 1977. pp. 543-570
In: Jefferies, R.L.; Davy, A.J. (Ed.) (1979). Ecological processes in coastal environments: The 1st European Ecological Symposium and 19th Symposium of the British Ecological Society, Norwich, 12-16 September 1977. Blackwell Scientific Publications: Oxford. ISBN 0-632-00472-X. XVII, 684 pp., more

Available in Author 
    VLIZ: Proceedings J [103629]
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Marine; Brackish water

Author  Top 
  • van der Maarel, E.

Abstract
    Coastal dunes in the Netherlands are still largely in a semi-natural or near-natural state; a result of regular management brought about the governmental action since the 14th century. The main functions of the coastal dunes are protection of the hinterland, water reservoir, scientific interest and biotic resources, landscape recreation. Main environmental impacts include lowering of the ground water table, infiltration with polluted water, recreational pressures, disturbances from sand extraction, raising of seaward dunes, production of gas and military training. Present-day ecological management is based upon three strategies, viz. internal management, external management and environmental zoning. These strategies are discussed and exemplified, with emphasis on the possible combinations of functions each coastal dune area could exert.

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