|Seaport development and state boundaries: the Ems-Dollart region and the Scheldt-Antwerp region on Dutch frontiers|van den Bremen, W.J. (1992). Seaport development and state boundaries: the Ems-Dollart region and the Scheldt-Antwerp region on Dutch frontiers. Ocean Coast. Manag. 18(2-4): 197-213. hdl.handle.net/10.1016/0964-5691(92)90023-E
In: Ocean & Coastal Management. Elsevier Science: Barking. ISSN 0964-5691, more
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The historical development of two different cases chosen from Dutch wet boundaries are described to show changes in levels and points of view with regard to problem solving. These regions are the Antwerp-Western Scheldt estuary region, an example of so-called successive waters, and the Ems-Dollart sound region of the boundary waters type. Special attention is given to the thematic change from economics and infrastructure to environmental and more comprehensive problems. Different points of view and levels of government are shown: local, regional and national. In the actual situation, cooperation and collaboration are becoming more important under the influence of supranational institutions, such as the EC and Benelux, expressing themselves in regional initiatives.