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A new genus from the continental slope off Brazil and the discovery of the first males in the Hirsutiidae (Crustacea: Peracarida: Bochusacea)
Jaume, D.; Boxshall, G.A.; Bamber, R.N. (2006). A new genus from the continental slope off Brazil and the discovery of the first males in the Hirsutiidae (Crustacea: Peracarida: Bochusacea). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 148(2): 169-208
In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Academic Press: London. ISSN 0024-4082, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Taxonomy; Mictacea [WoRMS]; Montucaris distincta Jaume, Boxshall & Bamber, 2006 [WoRMS]; AS, South Atlantic [Marine Regions]; Marine

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Abstract
    Montucaris distincta gen. nov. sp. nov., a new genus and species of hirsutiid, is described from the bathyal floor of the northern South Atlantic, off Brazil. It is easily distinguished from other members of the family by the reduced, one-segmented exopods of pereopods 5 and 6 and the array of stout triangular spines present on the anterior margin of the basis and proximal endopodal segments of the third pereopod. This discovery is notable as it includes the first record of males in the family, demonstrating that hirsutiids are gonochoristic. Developmental stages including mancas, preparatory females and juvenile males were recovered, in addition to numerous brooding females and two morphs of adult males. We infer that the new genus has a life cycle involving non-feeding terminal males with regressed mouthparts. These males display a bizarre cephalic configuration, with a clearly defined transverse dorsal suture on the dorsal cephalothoracic shield just behind the articulation of mandibles, a feature present also in syncarida and in some Thermosbaenacea and that we interpret as secondary. The peracaridan affinities of the Hirsutiidae are firmly established here after settling definitively the oostegitic nature of the setose plates present on the posteromedial margin of the pereopodal coxae of brooding females. The separate ordinal rank for hirsutiids - as the Bochusacea - with respect to the Mictacea, within which they had been previously classified, is favoured here. In addition, we highlight similarities between hirustiids and tanaidaceans that warrant further investigation.

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