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Determination of brominated flame retardants, with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental and human samples: a review
Covaci, A.; Voorspoels, S.; de Boer, J. (2003). Determination of brominated flame retardants, with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental and human samples: a review. Environ. Int. 29(6): 735-756. dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(03)00114-4
In: Environment International. Pergamon: New York. ISSN 0160-4120, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Covaci, A.; Voorspoels, S.; de Boer, J. (2006). Determination of brominated flame retardants, with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental and human samples: a review, in: Voorspoels, S. Environmental distribution of brominated flame retardants in Belgium = Verspreiding van gebromeerde vlamvertragers in het Belgische milieu. pp. 55-76, more

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Keywords
    Analysis; Literature reviews; Methodology; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Covaci, A., more
  • Voorspoels, S., more
  • de Boer, J.

Abstract
    Analytical methods for the determination of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), with a special emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are reviewed. A number of procedures, which can be applied to the analysis of PBDEs and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and in some cases for hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), in environmental and human samples are described. Because several BFRs, such as tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBP-A), BDE 209 and, to some extent, HBCD, may require a different approach, specific advice on their analysis is given separately when needed. Sample pretreatment, extraction, cleanup and fractionation, injection techniques, chromatographic separation, detection methods, quality control and method validation are discussed. For each topic, an overview is given of the current status of the field and recommendations for an appropriate analytical approach are presented.

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