|Rechtshandhaving op zee: het internationaalrechtelijk kader|
Soons, A.H.A. (2003). Rechtshandhaving op zee: het internationaalrechtelijk kader. Justitiële verkenn. 29(2): 86-101
In: Justitiële verkenningen: documentatieblad van het Ministerie van Justitie. Boom: Den Haag; Deventer; Arnhem; 's-Gravenhage. ISSN 0167-5850, more
|Also published as |
- Soons, A.H.A. (2003). Rechtshandhaving op zee: het internationaalrechtelijk kader, in: Scheepmaker, M.P.C. et al. (Ed.) Criminaliteit op zee. Justitiële verkenningen: documentatieblad van het Ministerie van Justitie, 29(2): pp. 86-101, more
Combating the present great variety of criminal activities occurring at sea mainly involves measures to be taken on land, in particular in ports, but also at sea. This article surveys the rules of international law governing law enforcement measures at sea. These rules are complex, because distinctions have to be made between the various jurisdictional zones at sea and between the positions of the flag State, the coastal State and the port State. Traditionally, ships in the high seas (beyond a narrow band of territorial sea) were under the exclusive jurisdiction of the flag State. In an increasing number of situations, the coastal State now has law enforcement authority over foreign ships. But beyond the 200-mile exclusive economic zone, and with respect to a number of activities within that zone, flag State jurisdiction still prevails. This makes effective law enforcement difficult. In practice, many obstacles can be overcome by making more effective use of the port State, and by concluding new treaties providing for specific enforcement systems.