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The use of ENC on board ships - users point of view
Karnicnik, I. (2006). The use of ENC on board ships - users point of view, in: Evolutions in hydrography, 6th - 9th November 2006, Provincial House Antwerp, Belgium: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of the International Federation of Hydrographic Societies. Special Publication (Hydrographic Society), 55: pp. 29-33
In: (2006). Evolutions in hydrography, 6th - 9th November 2006, Provincial House Antwerp, Belgium: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of the International Federation of Hydrographic Societies. Special Publication of the Hydrographic Society, 55. International Federation of Hydrographic Society: London. 234 + cd-rom pp., more
In: Special Publication (Hydrographic Society). Hydrographic Society: London. ISSN 0309-8303, more

Available in  Author 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Electronic equipment; Hydrography; Navigational charts; Marine

Author  Top 
  • Karnicnik, I.

Abstract
    Today the electronic charts are already in use. There are several types of electronic charts systems on the market and different types of electronic charts. There has been questionnaire research survey made and the analyses of the answers received from users to the sent questionnaire are summarized in the paper. The analyses gives an overview of the benefits of electronic charts and what is also important, problems, difficulties and facts to which we have to be concentrated in the future in respect of using electronic charts, development of electronic nautical charts systems and production of ENCs. There are also most important standards of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) and conventions of International Maritime Organization (IMO) presented and some fundamentals are given about different types of electronic charts and electronic systems.

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