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Circulation patterns of south east sector of the Mediterranean Sea
Sharaf El Din, S.H.; Eid, F.M.; Ibrahiem, O.M.; Tonbol, K.M. (2006). Circulation patterns of south east sector of the Mediterranean Sea, in: Evolutions in hydrography, 6th - 9th November 2006, Provincial House Antwerp, Belgium: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of the International Federation of Hydrographic Societies. Special Publication (Hydrographic Society), 55: pp. 220-224
In: (2006). Evolutions in hydrography, 6th - 9th November 2006, Provincial House Antwerp, Belgium: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of the International Federation of Hydrographic Societies. Special Publication of the Hydrographic Society, 55. International Federation of Hydrographic Society: London. 234 + cd-rom pp., more
In: Special Publication (Hydrographic Society). Hydrographic Society: London. ISSN 0309-8303, more

Available in Authors 
Document type: Conference paper

Keywords
    Direction; Measurement; Oceanographic surveys; Water circulation; Wind-driven circulation; Mediterranean [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Sharaf El Din, S.H.
  • Eid, F.M.
  • Ibrahiem, O.M.
  • Tonbol, K.M.

Abstract
    An oceanographic survey were taken in the south east sector of the Mediterranean Sea during the period February 1999 to January 2000, covering 16 anchored current stations. From the current moorings, the circulation patterns as well as the wind effect on current system were studied. The maximum current speed was 0.89 m/s occurred in the winter months. The current regime appeared to consist of sustained periods of wind induced, easterly flow, when the dominant wind direction was from the north - west. Periods of consistent westward flow often occurred for several days and coincide with winds from the east, again indicating that the main driving force for the currents is meteorological. During periods of low current speed, diurnal rotation (clockwise) of the current directions was observed. These occurred in between periods of sustained flow when the current speeds tended to be higher. Such characteristics were often prevalent in the months between May 1999 and October 1999. At locations in deeper water the current flow varied throughout the water column, with current speeds often decreasing around mid - depth and then increasing near the bed.

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