|Evaluation of fish flour in the treatment on infantile malnutrition|
Graham, G.G.; Baertl, J.M.; Cordano, A. (1962). Evaluation of fish flour in the treatment on infantile malnutrition, in: Heen, E. et al. Fish in nutrition. pp. 271-2776
In: Heen, E.; Kreuzer, R. (1962). Fish in nutrition. Fishing News (Books): London. XXIII, 447 pp., more
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VLIZ: Biological Resources 
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- Graham, G.G.
- Baertl, J.M.
- Cordano, A.
In a group of undernourished infants with and without kwashiorkor, modified cow's milk was used to initiate recovery, to stabilize body composition, and to obtain a steady gain in weight. Subsequently they were given three different bottle feedings at isocaloric and isoproteic levels, recalculated daily: modified cow's milk; vegetable protein mixture of high biological value; and wheat flour enriched with 10 % deodorized fish flour , VioBin. One infant had additional periods of fish flour as the sole source of protein. Cottonseed oil and sugar were used to equate the caloric and fat intakes, and minerals and vitamins were added. Growth and nutritional status were studied with the help of nitrogen balance determinations at selected intervals. Growth data along with determinations of serum albumin and urea, hemoglobin and hematocrit, suggest that a rnixture of wheat and fish flour, 100 g. of which contain approximately 18 g. of protein and yield 350 calories, satisfies the energy and protein requirements of undernourished infants as well as cow's milk and a mixture of vegetable proteins of high biological value. When fish flour alone was used as the source of protein, the results were equally satisfactory . In a further group of infants, the wheat-fish flour product was used to initiate recovery with satisfactory results. In one infant, because of large, bulky stools and nitrogen wasting, it was necessary to replace the cottonsseed oil with a fat emulsion (Lipomul-Upjohn), noticeably improving absorption.