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The taxonomic status of some Mediterranean clionids (Porifera: Demospongiae) according to morphological and genetic characters
Bavestrello, G.; Calcinai, B.; Cerrano, C.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1996). The taxonomic status of some Mediterranean clionids (Porifera: Demospongiae) according to morphological and genetic characters, in: Willenz, Ph. Recent advances in sponge biodiversity inventory and documentation: Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on Atlanto-Mediterranean Sponge Taxonomy, Brussels, April 25-30, 1995. Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen. Biologie = Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Biologie, 66(Suppl.): pp. 185-195
In: Willenz, Ph. (1996). Recent advances in sponge biodiversity inventory and documentation: Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on Atlanto-Mediterranean Sponge Taxonomy, Brussels, April 25-30, 1995. Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen. Biologie = Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Biologie, 66(Suppl.). Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussel, Belgium. 242 pp., more
In: Bulletin van het Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen. Biologie = Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Biologie. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Bruxelles. ISSN 0374-6429, more
Peer reviewed article  

Also published as
  • Bavestrello, G.; Calcinai, B.; Cerrano, C.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1996). The taxonomic status of some Mediterranean clionids (Porifera: Demospongiae) according to morphological and genetic characters. Bull. K. Belg. Inst. Nat. Wet. 66(Suppl.): 185-195, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Proceedings [117894]

Keywords
    Electrophoresis; Porifera [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Bavestrello, G.
  • Calcinai, B.
  • Cerrano, C.
  • Pansini, M.
  • Sarà, M.

Abstract
    The taxonomic status of some Cliona species living sympatrically in two Ligurian localities has been studied on the basis of morphological (spicule shape and size, boring pattern, arrangement of choanocyte chambers studied by corrosion casts) and genetic analyses. Results from this study indicate a remarkable specificity in the choice of substrata by the Cliona larvae. This comprehensive approach confirmed distinct differences between C. viridis and C. nigricans. C. viridis is a superficial species boring only calcareous algae (alpha-stage), whereas the electrophoretic data demonstrate the identity of different growth forms of C. nigricans boring biogenic substrata or living in massive form on detritic bottoms and on Posidonia rhizomes (bèta- and gamma-stages). The calcareous veins embedded in sedimentary rocks along the Ligurian coast are generally bored by C. celata but, in the same habitat, another species has been detected. This species, that shall be described afterwards on a wider lot of specimens coming from different localities, is very close to C. celata in spicule shape, but the spicules are smaller. Moreover the two species are clearly distinguishable on the basis of their boring pattern. Finally the genetic analysis ascertained that there is no gene flux between the two species.

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