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Biological components from the Seine Estuary: first results
Mouny, P.; Dauvin, J.-C.; Bessineton, Ch.; Elkaim, B.; Simon, S. (1998). Biological components from the Seine Estuary: first results. Hydrobiologia 373-374(1-3): 333-347
In: Hydrobiologia. Springer: The Hague. ISSN 0018-8158, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 

Keywords
    Bioenergetics; Biological production; Biological properties; Estuaries; Food webs; Oxygen; Oxygenation; Trophic levels; Trophic relationships; Turbidity; Zooplankton; ANE, France, Haute-Normandie, Seine Bay [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Mouny, P.
  • Dauvin, J.-C., more
  • Bessineton, Ch.
  • Elkaim, B.
  • Simon, S.

Abstract
    The Seine Estuary plays an important role in the dynamics of the eastern English Channel ecosystem. Nevertheless, its biological compartment is poorly known. This constitutes an important handicap to establish the precise state of the health of this major European estuary. The objectives of this study were to identify the life resources of the estuary: macrobenthos, mesozooplankton, suprabenthos, and fish populations and to define the main trophic links in two parts of the estuary (i.e. the polyhaline and oligohaline zones). There is an impoverishment of the biological diversity from the polyhaline zone to the oligohaline zone. The benthic and pelagic fauna of the Seine estuary is similar to other North-Eastern Atlantic estuaries. But the pelagic fauna, especially the copepod Eurytemora affinis and the shrimp Palaemon longirostris seemed to be more abundant in the Seine estuary than in other estuaries. Two macrobenthic communities occurred in the estuary: a diversified and abundant Abra alba-Pectinaria koreni community in the outer part of the estuary and a Macoma balthica community in the inner part. This latter was especially poor in specific richness, density and biomass, in all areas, except on tidal mud flats. Two trophic chains were identified. In the oligohaline zone corresponding to the maximum turbidity zone (high turbidity, low concentration of oxygen), the trophic chain was exclusively planktonic due to the dredging of the estuary which prevented permanent benthic fauna formation. In this zone, the number of fishes was relatively low in spite of high biomass of mesozooplankton and suprabenthos. In the outer part of the estuary, low turbidity and high concentration of oxygen are more favourable to fish populations which feed especially on benthic fauna.

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