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Cyst-based toxicity tests: 4. The potential of ecotoxicological tests for the prediction of acute toxicity in man as evaluated on the first ten chemicals of the MEIC programme
Calleja, M.C.; Persoone, G. (1992). Cyst-based toxicity tests: 4. The potential of ecotoxicological tests for the prediction of acute toxicity in man as evaluated on the first ten chemicals of the MEIC programme. ATLA. Altern. lab. anim. 20(3): 396-405
In: ATLA. Alternatives to Laboratory Animals. Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments: Nottingham. ISSN 0261-1929, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 277761 [ OMA ]

Keyword
    Brackish water

Authors  Top 
  • Calleja, M.C.
  • Persoone, G., more

Abstract
    In the framework of the multicentre evaluation of in vitro cytotoxicity (MEIC) programme, the first ten chemicals of the prescribed list were tested for acute toxicity in four standardized cyst-based aquatic invertebrate tests, consisting of two rotifer species (the estuarine Brachionus plicatilis and the freshwater Brachionus calyciflorus) and two crustacean species (the halophilic anostracan Artemia salina and the freshwater anostracan Streptocephalus proboscideus). Mortality was the test criterion and toxic effects, expressed as 24-hour LC50 values, were correlated with rodent and human acute oral toxicity data. Generally, a good correlation was obtained between any of the invertebrate tests and the rodent data. Likewise, the predictive screening potential of the aquatic invertebrate tests for acute oral toxicity in man was slightly better than the rat test for eight (excluding diazepam and digoxin) and nine (including diazepam, excluding digoxin) of the ten substances. The aquatic test systems however, appear to be more suitable for compounds soluble in water.

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