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Morphodynamic evolution of the kink of an offshore tidal sandbank: the Westhinder Bank (Southern North Sea)
Deleu, S.; Van Lancker, V.; Van den Eynde, D.; Moerkerke, G. (2004). Morphodynamic evolution of the kink of an offshore tidal sandbank: the Westhinder Bank (Southern North Sea). Cont. Shelf Res. 24(15): 1587-1610. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2004.07.001
In: Continental Shelf Research. Pergamon Press: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0278-4343, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in  Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 222611 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Sand banks; Tidal dynamics; ANE, Belgium, Hinder Banks, Westhinder [Marine Regions]; Marine
Author keywords
    sandbank; kink structure; tidal dynamics; bank evolution; break-through mechanism; southern North Sea

Authors  Top 
  • Deleu, S., more
  • Van Lancker, V., more
  • Van den Eynde, D., more
  • Moerkerke, G., more

Abstract
    This study looks at the complex interactions between sedimentology, morphology and hydrodynamics near a kink in an offshore tidal sandbank (Westhinder) and combines all these data to understand the kink's characteristics. The Westhinder sandbank lies in the northern part of the Belgian continental shelf, where the main hydrodynamical agents are the tidal currents. The data sets include two multibeam surveys, 59 surficial Van Veen grab samples and a hydrodynamical and sediment transport model (set up by MUMM). The different data sets point to a triple division of the kink region. The parts north and south of the kink are covered with larger dunes, culminating at the bank's crest into a symmetrical very-large dune. Here, the bank is actively maintained by a net sediment transport up both bank flanks and by higher residual water transport strengths. The kink part of the bank lies deeper, is characterized by a steeper eastern flank and by a faster and eastward movement of the very-large dunes over both bank flanks. Coarse sediments west of the kink reveal that the peak flood current is hindered by the changing orientation of the bank northward into a more rectilinear N-S position. The finest sediments are found on the lee slope and might be washed out from the kink's stoss slope. A combination of all the results points to a possible breakthrough in the kink, a hypothesis which is worked out into a scheme.

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