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Spatiotemporal analysis of population genetic structure in Geomonhystera disjuncta (Nematoda, Monhysteridae) reveals high levels of molecular diversity
Derycke, S.; Backeljau, T.; Vlaeminck, C.; Vierstraete, A.; Vanfleteren, J.; Vincx, M.; Moens, T. (2007). Spatiotemporal analysis of population genetic structure in Geomonhystera disjuncta (Nematoda, Monhysteridae) reveals high levels of molecular diversity, in: Derycke, S. (2007). Patronen en processen in de genetische structuur van twee mariene nemarodentaxa Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): een moleculaire, morfologische en experimentele benadering = Patterns and processes in the genetic structure of two marine nematode taxa (Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): a molecular, morphology and experimental approach. pp. 65-87
In: Derycke, S. (2007). Patronen en processen in de genetische structuur van twee mariene nemarodentaxa Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): een moleculaire, morfologische en experimentele benadering = Patterns and processes in the genetic structure of two marine nematode taxa (Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): a molecular, morphology and experimental approach. PhD Thesis. Universiteit Gent. Faculteit Wetenschappen: Gent. X, 252 pp., more

Also published as
  • Derycke, S.; Backeljau, T.; Vlaeminck, C.; Vierstraete, A.; Vanfleteren, J.; Vincx, M.; Moens, T. (2007). Spatiotemporal analysis of population genetic structure in Geomonhystera disjuncta (Nematoda, Monhysteridae) reveals high levels of molecular diversity. Mar. Biol. (Berl.) 151(5): 1799-1812. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-007-0609-0, more

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Keywords
    Genetic diversity; Population genetics; Geomonhystera disjuncta (Bastian, 1865) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Derycke, S., more
  • Backeljau, T., more
  • Vlaeminck, C., more
  • Vierstraete, A., more

Abstract
    Species identification in the phylum Nematoda is complicated due to the paucity of easily obtainable diagnostic morphological features. Furthermore, the cosmopolitan distribution of several species despite low dispersal abilities makes cryptic diversity potentially substantial within this phylum. We conducted a population genetic survey in the marine nematode Geomonhystera disjuncta in Belgium and The Netherlands in two seasons. The mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 (COI) gene was screened with the single-strand conformation polymorphism method in 759 individuals. The 43 haplotypes were grouped into five lineages, with low divergences within (<3%) and high divergences between lineages (>14%). Analysis of the nuclear ITS region yielded concordant tree topologies, indicating the presence of five cryptic taxa within G. disjuncta. Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) illustrated a significant structuring in all lineages and temporal fluctuations in haplotype frequencies within and between locations. Metapopulation dynamics and/or priority effects best explained this structuring. Finally, our data indicate that the COI gene may be useful for DNA barcoding purposes.

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