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Effects of sublethal abiotic stressors on population growth and genetic diversity of Pellioditis marina (Nematoda) from the Westerschelde estuary
Derycke, S.; Hendrickx, F.; Backeljau, T.; D’Hondt, S.; Camphijn, L.; Vincx, M.; Moens, T. (2007). Effects of sublethal abiotic stressors on population growth and genetic diversity of Pellioditis marina (Nematoda) from the Westerschelde estuary. Aquat. Toxicol. 82(2): 110-119. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.02.002
In: Aquatic Toxicology. Elsevier Science: Amsterdam. ISSN 0166-445X, more
Peer reviewed article

Also published as
  • Derycke, S.; Hendrickx, F.; Backeljau, T.; D’Hondt, S.; Camphijn, L.; Vincx, M.; Moens, T. (2007). Effects of sublethal abiotic stressors on population growth and genetic diversity of Pellioditis marina (Nematoda) from the Westerschelde estuary, in: Derycke, S. (2007). Patronen en processen in de genetische structuur van twee mariene nemarodentaxa Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): een moleculaire, morfologische en experimentele benadering = Patterns and processes in the genetic structure of two marine nematode taxa (Rhabditis (Pellioditis) marina and Halomonhystera disjuncta): a molecular, morphology and experimental approach. pp. 158-177, more

Available in Authors 
    VLIZ: Open Repository 119806 [ OMA ]

Keywords
    Bottlenecks; Genetics; Pollution; Structures; Nematoda [WoRMS]; ANE, Netherlands, Westerschelde [gazetteer]; Marine
Author keywords
    pollution; genetic diversity; mt DNA; nematode; bottleneck

Authors  Top 
  • Camphijn, L.
  • Vincx, M., more
  • Moens, T., more

Abstract
    Understanding the effects of anthropogenic pollutants at the ecosystem level requires a proper understanding of the toxicological effects at the population level. Species living in estuaries resist highly fluctuating conditions, and are often exposed to sublethal concentrations of pollutants coming from industrial and domestic wastes. In the Westerschelde estuary, the most upstream sampled population of the nematode Pellioditis marina is genetically less diverse than elsewhere. It experiences lower salinities and higher Cd concentrations than more downstream populations in the estuary. In the present study, we investigate whether these environmental conditions may explain the lower genetic diversity in the most upstream location. To this end we followed the development of genetically diverse P. marina populations under experimental conditions during 14 days. Genetic diversity was assessed in the F1, F2 and F5 generation by screening mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit 1 variation with the single-strand conformation polymorphism method (SSCP) and nucleotide sequencing. Our results show that sublethal Cd concentrations reduce population development of P. marina at suboptimal salinities, and that low salinity conditions induce responses at the genetic level. Nevertheless, the genetic effects were not persistent over generations, which emphasize the need for longer multigenerational experiments.

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