|In situ study of the autecology of two closely related, co-occurring sandy beach amphipods|
Speybroeck, J.; Van Tomme, J.; Vincx, M.; Degraer, S. (2007). In situ study of the autecology of two closely related, co-occurring sandy beach amphipods, in: Speybroeck, J. (2007). Ecologie van macrobenthos als een basis voor een ecologische bijsturing van strandsuppleties = Ecology of macrobenthos as a baseline for an ecological adjustment of beach nourishment. pp. 85-107
In: Speybroeck, J. (2007). Ecologie van macrobenthos als een basis voor een ecologische bijsturing van strandsuppleties = Ecology of macrobenthos as a baseline for an ecological adjustment of beach nourishment. PhD Thesis. Universiteit Gent. Vakgroep Biologie, sectie Mariene Biologie: Gent. 189 pp., more
Autecology; Ecological zonation; Population dynamics; Sandy beaches; Amphipoda [WoRMS]; Bathyporeia pilosa Lindström, 1855 [WoRMS]; Bathyporeia sarsi Watkin, 1938 [WoRMS]; ANE, Belgium [gazetteer]; Marine
Population dynamics and zonation of the amphipods Bathyporeia pilosa and B. sarsi, co-occurring on some Belgian beaches, were studied through monthly sampling of eight cross-shore transects (October 2003-October 2004). Their biomass and production were assessed for the first time. Abundance and biomass of B. pilosa were ten times higher along western ultra-dissipative transects than along slightly more reflective, eastern transects. For B. sarsi, (less prominent) differences between the two westernmost transects (2-5x higher) and all others were observed, whereas P/B ratio was comparable for all. Bathyporeia pilosa could reach two times higher abundance and biomass and higher levels of production (max. B. sarsi = 7580 mg*m-2*y-1; max. B. pilosa = 16040 mg*m-2*y-1), while nearly absent along eastern transects. Continuous reproduction and recruitment with three relative peaks of the latter (February, July, October) were observed. Fecundity showed parallel temporal variation for both species, peaking in February and September-October. Interestingly, the July relative recruitment peak could not be explained by relative abundance of gravid females or fecundity, but is probably caused by adult mortality. Both species displayed comparable gonad production (B. pilosa: Pg = 0.73 mg/ind*year; B. sarsi: Pg = 0.71 mg/ind*year), but B. pilosa produced fewer yet larger embryos. Peak abundances were found at 436 + 25 SD cm (B. pilosa) and 357 + 40 SD cm (B. sarsi) above MLLWS, corresponding to a 40-62 m cross-shore distance between the peaks of both species. The occupied cross-shore range was larger for B. sarsi than for B. pilosa (35-54 m), for females than for males (15-23 m), and for adults than for juveniles of B. pilosa (5-8 m). Both species displayed many comparable life history features. Differences in abundance and biomass may be related to beach morphodynamics and zonation.