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Reproductive failure in populations of the dog-whelk Nucella lapillus, caused by imposex induced by tributyltin from antifouling paints
Gibbs, P.E.; Bryan, G.W. (1986). Reproductive failure in populations of the dog-whelk Nucella lapillus, caused by imposex induced by tributyltin from antifouling paints. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 66(4): 767-777. hdl.handle.net/10.1017/S0025315400048414
In: Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press/Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom: Cambridge. ISSN 0025-3154, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Imposex; Tributyltin; Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) [WoRMS]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Gibbs, P.E.
  • Bryan, G.W.

Abstract
    Describes the development of male characters, notably a penis and a vas deferens, on the female (the phenomenon of 'imposex') of the dog-whelk. Blockage of the pallial oviduct prevents the release of egg capsules and renders the female sterile. The extent and cause of such reproductive failure is evident from the high incidence of females containing aborted capsules in declining populations close to sources of tributyltin contamination.

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