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Tourism development in the Costa Brava (Girona, Spain) - how integrated coastal zone management may rejuvenate its lifecycle
Sardá, R.; Mora, J.; Avila, C. (2005). Tourism development in the Costa Brava (Girona, Spain) - how integrated coastal zone management may rejuvenate its lifecycle, in: Vermaat, J.E. et al. (Ed.) Managing European coasts: past, present and future. pp. 291-314. dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27150-3_16
In: Vermaat, J.E. et al. (Ed.) (2005). Managing European coasts: past, present and future. Environmental Science Series. Springer: Berlin. ISBN 3-540-23454-3. 387 pp., more
In: Environmental Science Series. Springer-Verlag: New York, more

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Keywords
    Coastal zone management; Tourism; MED, Spain, Catalonia [Marine Regions]; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Sardá, R., more
  • Mora, J.
  • Avila, C.

Abstract
    The Costa Brava is seen as an old mature tourist destination within Europe. Tourism has been the basic wheel of its modern development. However, as is the case with other mature destinations in the Mediterranean, and in conjunction with the development of tourism, the coast has been very heavily used and degraded. At the turn of the century, traditional tourism has stagnated, where not replaced by a strategy model based on secondary residences and with construction as the main economic activity, consuming large parts of the territory. In order to rejuvenate the industry, an agreement between all the stakeholders with interests in the coastal zone appears to be necessary since uncoordinated individual strategies in the past were only able to improve specific cases but did not solve the problem of overexploitation. In this context, ICZM provides a conceptual framework where individual strategies for resolving issues and promoting sustainable coastal development may be formulated. In this paper we show how the Costa Brava case may help to spread tools and practices for coastal managers in emerging tourism destinations, or in mature destinations with similar problems.

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