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The need for integrated assessment of large-scale offshore wind farm development
Kannen, A. (2005). The need for integrated assessment of large-scale offshore wind farm development, in: Vermaat, J.E. et al. (Ed.) Managing European coasts: past, present and future. pp. 365-378. dx.doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27150-3_20
In: Vermaat, J.E. et al. (Ed.) (2005). Managing European coasts: past, present and future. Environmental Science Series. Springer: Berlin. ISBN 3-540-23454-3. 387 pp., more
In: Environmental Science Series. Springer-Verlag: New York, more

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Keywords
    Environmental assessment; Offshore structures; Wind energy; Marine

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Abstract
    This paper describes ongoing developments and future plans regarding the implementation of large offshore wind farms in the German Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in the North Sea. Based on these developments, which form an important part of the German energy and emissions reduction policy at the Federal level, potential ecological as well as socio-economic impacts of these new permanent structures are described and the need for an Integrated Assessment as part of Integrated Coastal Zone Management is outlined. As a regional example for impacts and especially socio-economic opportunities and risks, the North Sea coast of Schleswig-Holstein will be used. It is argued that Integrated Assessment should be a prerequisite and Integrated Coastal and Marine Management an accompanying activity for an ecological, economical and socio-cultural sustainable development of this type of generating renewable energy in the North Sea.

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