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The seed bank in a subtropical freshwater marsh: implications for wetland restoration
Liu, Gui-hua; Zhou, J.; Li, W.; Cheng, Y. (2005). The seed bank in a subtropical freshwater marsh: implications for wetland restoration. Aquat. Bot. 81(1): 1-11. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2004.07.001
In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Tokyo; Oxford; New York; London; Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more
Peer reviewed article  

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Keywords
    Community composition; Emergent vegetation; Freshwater environment; Marshes; Restoration; Seeds; Water depth; Wetlands; Ottelia alismoides; Vallisneria natans; China, People's Rep., Hunan Prov.; Fresh water

Authors  Top 
  • Liu, Gui-hua
  • Zhou, J.
  • Li, W.
  • Cheng, Y.

Abstract
    Seed bank samples were collected from Huli Marsh, a subtropical shallow water mountainous marsh in Hunan Province, South China. Core samples were divided into upper and lower layers (each 5 cm in depth) and allowed to germinate in three water levels (0, 5 and 10 cm) over a 4-month period. A total of 51 species germinated and the mean density was 9211 ± 7188 seedlings m-2. In the top 5 cm 41 species and 5747 ± 5111 seedlings m-2 germinated, whereas 40 species and 3464 ± 3363 seedlings m-2 did so from 5-10 cm. Germinated seedling density was significantly higher in the upper layer, largely due to differences in eight species. With increasing experimental water depth, less seedlings germinated: respectively, 9788 ± 7157 m-2, 2050 ± 2412 m-2and 1978 ± 2616 m-2, of 44, 21 and 19 species, submerged under 0, 5 or 10 cm. Seven species could emerge only in 0 water level. Vallisneria natans occurred only in 5 cm water, whereas Ottelia alismoides occurred in 10 cm water. In the vegetation survey of the marsh, 25 species were recorded, which was less than half of the species recorded in the seed bank. The top 10 dominants in the standing vegetation, accounting for 89% of vegetation abundance, represented only 10% in the seed bank. Twenty germinated species that also occurred in the standing vegetation accounted for 56% of the total seed bank. Our observed number of species germinating from a Chinese wetland seed bank is within the range observed elsewhere in the northern hemisphere (15-113 species).

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