|Marine algae of the Jubail Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, Saudi Arabia|
De Clerck, O.; Coppejans, E. (1996). Marine algae of the Jubail Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, Saudi Arabia, in: Krupp, F. et al. (Ed.) A marine wildlife sanctuary for the Arabian Gulf: environmental research and conservation following the 1991 Gulf War Oil Spill. pp. 199-289
In: Krupp, F.; Abuzinada, A.H.; Nader, I.A. (Ed.) (1996). A marine wildlife sanctuary for the Arabian Gulf: environmental research and conservation following the 1991 Gulf War Oil Spill. Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft: Frankfurt a.M. ISBN 3-929907-37-2. 516 + 1 map pp., more
The intertidal zone of the Saudi Arabian Gulf coast is exposed to extreme climatic fluctuations and therefore is almost devoid of any macroalgal or seagrass growth, even in sites not affected by oil pollution. These plants are restricted to subtidal habitats which were not affected by the oil spill. Ninety taxa were recorded: one Xanthophyta, 20 Chlorophyta, 25 Phaeophyta and 44 Rhodophyta. Their diversity in the study area is about as high as in similar regions of the south-western coast of the Arabian Gulf, and their biomass can be very high locally, at least for pan of the year. Forty-two of these species are new for the Saudi Arabian Gulf coast and 15 are new for the Arabian Gulf Descriptions, illustrations and identification keys of the species collected are given. The various algal vegetation types are described and their distribution in the area is discussed.