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Mitochondrial DNA diversity of the Asian moon scallop, Amusium pleuronectes (Pectinidae), in Thailand
Mahidol, C.; Na-Nakorn, U.; Sukmanomon, S.; Taniguchi, N.; Nguyen, T.T.T. (2007). Mitochondrial DNA diversity of the Asian moon scallop, Amusium pleuronectes (Pectinidae), in Thailand. Mar. Biotechnol. 9(3): 352-359. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10126-006-6137-y
In: Marine Biotechnology. Springer-Verlag: New York. ISSN 1436-2228, more
Peer reviewed article  

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Andaman sea; Genetic diversity; Marine

Authors  Top 
  • Mahidol, C.
  • Na-Nakorn, U.
  • Sukmanomon, S.
  • Taniguchi, N.
  • Nguyen, T.T.T.

Abstract
    Sequence variation of the mitochondrial DNA 16S rRNA region of the Asian moon scallop, Amusium pleuronectes, was surveyed in seven populations along the coast of Thailand. A total of 16 unique haplotypes were detected among 174 individuals with a total 27 variable sites out of 534 bp sequenced. The mitochondrial haplotypes grouped into two distinct arrays (estimated to differ by about 2.62% to 2.99% nucleotide divergence) that characterized samples collected from the Gulf of Thailand versus the Andaman Sea. Low levels of intrapopulation variation were observed, while in contrast, significant divergence was observed between populations from the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea. Results of AMOVA reveal a high F ST value (0.765) and showed that the majority of the total genetic variance (76.03%) occurred among groups (i.e., Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand) and little among populations within the group (0.52%) and within populations (23.45%). The genetic differentiation between the populations recorded in the present study is similar to that observed in a variety of marine species in the Indo-Pacific. The implications of the findings for management of A. pleuronectes genetic resources in Thailand are discussed.

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