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Interpretation of field measurements in the Zeeschelde at Zandvliet for the periods 1995-1998 and 2002-2005
Chen, M.S.; De Smedt, F.; Wartel, S. (2007). Interpretation of field measurements in the Zeeschelde at Zandvliet for the periods 1995-1998 and 2002-2005. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Vakgroep Hydrologie en Waterbouwkunde: Brussel. 48 pp.

Available in Authors 
Document type: Project report

Keywords
    Current velocity; Estuarine environment; Measurement; River discharge; Sediment transport; Suspended sediments; Tidal cycles; Tidal dynamics; Belgium, Zeeschelde, Zandvliet [Marine Regions]; Brackish water; Fresh water

Project Top | Authors 
  • Interpretatie van de veldmetingen in de Zeeschelde te Zandvliet in de periodes 1995-1998 en 2002-2005, more

Authors  Top 
  • Chen, M.S., more
  • De Smedt, F., more
  • Wartel, S., more
  • Vanlede, J., revisor, more

Abstract
    The analyses focus on sediment transport and tidal exchange dynamics in the Zeeschelde at Zandvliet for the periods 1995-1998 and 2002-2005. The involved parameters are tidal cycle measurements of total suspended sediment concentrations and fluxes, tidal water elevation, flow velocities, river discharges, estuarine flood-ebb tidal discharges. At Zandvliet, the downstream tip of the ETM zone in the Scheldt, the data show that the measured depthintegrated suspended sediment concentration reaches up to 782 g m- 3 and 497 g m- 3 for the periods 1995-1998 and 2002-2005 respectively. The average sediment mass load ranges 1,016 - 1,883 kg s- I for ebb and 728 - 1,916 kg s- I for flood during 1995-1998, and 4521,30 I kg s- I and 504 - 1,033 kg s- I for ebb and flood respectively for the period 2002-2005. The sediment mass load versus tidal water discharge through a complete tidal cycle demonstrates a reasonable correlation with a R2 value of 0.7 for the period 1995-1998 and with a R2 value of 0.5 for the period 2002-2005. Quasi-equilibrium ebb and flood sediment mass load is found for both periods 1995-1998 and 2002 -2005 , though the mass load exhibits significant differences in magnitude. There are about twice more sediments transported in 1995-1998 than in 2002-2005. Evaluation of the temporal relation between sediment mass load and tidal water volume for a tidal phase , ebb and flood respectively, shows that with a similar tidal water volume a much higher amount of sediments is transported in 1995-1998 than in 2002-2005. The results indicate that over 40% more sediment mass load can be transported by a similar amount of ebb tidal water in the period 1995-1998 than in the period 2002-2005. In 2002-2005, the mass load appears to be independent of tidal water volume. Computation the temporal relation between net sediment load and fresh water discharge, based on the available data sets , does not yield a correlation due to important discrepancy between the left and right side of the channel, and due to asymmetrical behaviours of the water flow and the sediment mass load which are significantly influenced by two underwater dams located respectively at upstream- and downstream side of the measuring sites.

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