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Optimum time for weaning South African Scylla serrata (Forskål) larvae from rotifers to Artemia
Davis, J.A.; Wille, M.; Hecht, T.; Sorgeloos, P. (2007). Optimum time for weaning South African Scylla serrata (Forskål) larvae from rotifers to Artemia, in: VLIZ Coll. Rep. 35-36(2005-2006). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 35-36: pp. Chapter 12
In: (2007). VLIZ Coll. Rep. 35-36(2005-2006). VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders, 35-36. Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ): Oostende, more
In: VLIZ Collected Reprints: Marine and Coastal Research in Flanders. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee: Oostende. ISSN 1376-3822, more

Also published as
  • Davis, J.A.; Wille, M.; Hecht, T.; Sorgeloos, P. (2005). Optimum time for weaning South African Scylla serrata (Forskål) larvae from rotifers to Artemia. Aquacult. Int. 13(3): 203-216. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-004-1915-x, more

Available in Authors 

Keywords
    Feeding; Larvae; Rotifers; Artemia Leach, 1819 [WoRMS]; Rotifera [WoRMS]; Scylla serrata (Forskål, 1775) [WoRMS]; Marine
Author keywords
    Artemia; feeding; larvae; mud crab; rotifers; Scylla serrata

Authors  Top 
  • Davis, J.A.
  • Wille, M., more
  • Hecht, T.
  • Sorgeloos, P., more

Abstract
    To determine the optimum time at which to wean Scylla serrata larvae from rotifers onto Artemia two experiments were conducted, approximately 1 month apart, using larvae from two different female crabs. In the first experiment, the larvae in three treatment groups, with nine replicates each, were fed rotifers for the first 8 days after hatching. Artemia were introduced on days after hatch (DAH) 0 - during the first zoeal instar (treatment R + A); on DAH 4 - during the second zoeal instar (treatment R4A); on DAH 8 - during the third zoeal instar (treatment R8A). In a control (ROT) larvae were fed with rotifers exclusively for 18 days until the completion of metamorphosis to megalopa. In the second experiment, the same four feeding schedules as in experiment 1 were used with an additional group of larvae (treatment AC) that were fed only on Artemia throughout the rearing period. Similar results were recorded in the two experiments. Larvae in treatments R + A and R4A performed significantly better than those in treatments R8A, ROT and AC. This was particularly evident when examining the proportion of zoeae which successfully completed metamorphosis to megalopa. Poor performance of larvae in treatments AC and ROT implied that rotifers are needed as a first food, but that rotifers alone do not fill the nutritional requirements of S. serrata larvae. Poor performance of larvae in treatment R8A suggested that the diet should be supplemented with Artemia before the end of the zoea 3 stage.

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