|Molecular identification of 16 Porphyra lines using sequence-related amplified polymorphism markers|
|Qiao, L.-X.; Liu, H.-Y.; Guo, B.-T.; Weng, M.-L.; Dai, J.-X.; Duan, D.-L.; Wang, B. (2007). Molecular identification of 16 Porphyra lines using sequence-related amplified polymorphism markers. Aquat. Bot. 87(3): 203-208. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2007.06.006|
|In: Aquatic Botany. Elsevier Science: Amsterdam. ISSN 0304-3770, more|
Identification; Molecules; Porphyra C.Agardh, 1824 [WoRMS]; Marine
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Sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) is a novel molecular marker technique designed to amplify open reading frames (ORFs). The SRAP analytic system was set up and applied to Porphyra germplasm identification in this study for the first time. Sixteen Porphyra lines were screened by SRAP technique with 30 primer combinations. In the analysis, 14 primer combinations produced stable and reproducible amplification patterns in three repetitive experiments. Among the total 533 amplified fragments, 522 (98%) were polymorphic, with an average of 38 fragments for each primer combination, ranging in size from 50 to 500 bp. The 533 fragments were visually scored one by one and then used to develop a dendrogram with Unweighted Pair-Group Method Arithmetic Average (UPGMA), and the 16 Porphyra lines were divided into two major groups at the 0.68 similarity level. From the total 533 fragments, 11 amplified by two primer combinations, ME1/EM1 and ME4/EM6, were used to develop the DNA fingerprints of the 16 Porphyra lines. The DNA fingerprints were then converted into binary codes, with 1 and 0 representing presence and absence of the corresponding amplified fragment, respectively. In the DNA fingerprints, each of the 16 Porphyra lines has its unique binary code and can be easily distinguished from the others. This is the first report on the development of SRAP technique and its utilization in germplasm identification of seaweeds. The results demonstrated that SRAP is a simple, stable, polymorphic and reproducible molecular marker technique for the classification and identification of Porphyra lines.